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Record details

ID:EHG3746
External Ref:LWF11
Name:Watching brief - Lochluichart Wind Farm
Organisation:Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services (RoCAS)
Date:Oct 2011 - May 2012

Description

An archaeological watching brief was conducted between November 2011 and May 2012 on behalf of Natural Power by Ross and Cromarty Archaeological Services during groundworks on the site of Lochluichart Wind Farm, Ross-shire. Two features of archaeological interest were uncovered: a metal chimney and upright stone. The watching brief was proposed to take place across 10% of the groundworks during construction of the wind farm.

A watching brief was carried out during peat stripping for the access road and part of the compound area from 17 November to 21 November 2011. The ground conditions were extremely wet which presented a challenge in terms of accessing the watching brief location and safety within the excavated area. The watching brief for the remainder of the compound and borrow pit was changed to an intermittent watching brief due to the access road and compound area being devoid of archaeology and the difficult working conditions. A site visit was made on 23 November 2011 to assess progress. No further visits were made to this area until February 2012 due to deterioration in the weather; the site compound was then plotted in using the GPS. The ground conditions and work taking place in the borrow pit precluded an inspection and GPS survey.

The majority of the footprint for Turbine 29 and its crane pad were watched on 25 April 2012. This was required due to its proximity to a stalkers’ path. A slot trench dug from the nearby stalkers’ path towards the turbine and crane pad area almost immediately filled with water. As a result of the watching brief on Turbine 29’s footprint, a rapid walkover survey was conducted on 8 May 2012 in the areas of Turbines 24, 31 and 37; the location of Turbine 26 was also surveyed due to its proximity to the stalkers’ path. There was no surface archaeology visible apart from drainage ditches, which had been cut by Lochluichart Estate in the last ten years. The decision was taken to suspend the watching brief on the remainder of the turbine areas highlighted in the WSI.

A site visit was made on 28 February at the request of the Principal Contractor as an unusual stone was located close to the access road route. This was a thin, flat stone standing on edge; inspection of the stone was unable to determine conclusively whether or not it was a product of anthropogenic activity. A watching brief on 29 February was conducted for approximately 25m either side of the stone as the route was stripped of peat. Nothing of significance was uncovered.

There was no recommendation for further work to be carried out. <1>

Type(s) of Investigation

  • WALKOVER SURVEY
  • WATCHING BRIEF

Images

General shot of stripping showing ground conditions (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of the ground conditions (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping access road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping access road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping access road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesLooking towards the compound (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesE facing section of access road 'trench' with evidence of burning in the foreground (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesE facing section of access road 'trench' with evidence of burning in the foreground (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of the E facing section (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot of the access road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot of the access road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesAccess road to the stream (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesAccess road to the stream (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesLooking towards the stream and access road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesLooking down the access track (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStarting to strip after crossing the stream (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesLooking up the access road towards the compound (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesShowing the ground surface below the peat (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesShowing the ground surface below the peat (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot of the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot of the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesLooking towards the borrow pit location (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMetal 'chimney' behind the borrow pit (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPart of the borrow pit area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesDebris from trial blasting in borrow pit area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesDebris from trial blasting in borrow pit area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTree mulcher working in the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTree mulcher working in the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTree mulcher working in the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping the compound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesCompound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesCompound area (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPossible anthropologically placed stone (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPossible anthropologically placed stone (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesAccess road passing the upright stone (on right next to rucksack) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesUpright stone (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPieces of stone found whilst stripping that may have laminated off the upright stone (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesAccess road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesAccess road (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping turbine (29) pad next to stalkers' path (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStripping turbine (29) pad next to stalkers' path (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSite of turbine 26 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSite of turbine 24 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStalkers' path (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStalkers' path (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStalkers' path (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSite of turbine 31 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSite of turbine 37 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSite of turbine 37 with stalkers' path on right (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological Services

Reports

Fieldwork report  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeology Services (File size: 1720 KB)
Grid Reference:Centred NH 3282 6804 (1523m by 4892m)
Map Sheet:NH36NW
Civil Parish:CONTIN
Geographical Area:ROSS AND CROMARTY
Location:Lochluichart

Associated Finds - none

Sources and further reading

  • Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Fraser, L. 2012. Lochluichart Wind Farm, Ross-shire: Archaeological Watching Brief. Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services. Digital.

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MHG55902Possible standing stone - Lochluichart, Cintin (Monument)

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