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Record details

ID:EHG3803
External Ref:AIROR12
Name:DBA and Walkover survey - Airor, Glenelg
Organisation:West Coast Archaeological Services
Date:Sep 2012

Description

An archaeological desk-based assessment and walkover survey was carried out on the 5-6 September 2012 on behalf of Knoydart Foundation in advance of a new native woodland planting scheme in the vicinity of Airor on the central west coast of the Knoydart Peninsula. The work was undertaken to assess the nature and extent of any archaeology likely to be affected within the areas outlined for the proposed woodland planting scheme in order to inform recommendations for the protection and management of any sites identified. The desk-based assessment had revealed that there were significant Post Medieval settlement remains associated with the settlements at Airor and Allt Croit an T-Saoir along with other Post Medieval structures identified during a previous survey along Airor Burn. The survey recorded a significant number of new archaeological sites including settlement remains in the form of townships and farmsteads, shielings, enclosures, field dykes and areas of rig and furrow cultivation. Mitigation measures were proposed to safeguard the sites during planting for the woodland regeneration scheme. <1>

Type(s) of Investigation

  • DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
  • WALKOVER SURVEY

Images

Large structure possibly used for animal management. The scale pole is next to an entrance; the heather in the foreground runs along the top of a boundary dyke. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesA shot of the interior of the structure showing an area of tumble. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesA degraded stone structure, possibly a byre, forming a part of the settement of Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesHouse Site 3b in the foreground and byre 3a in the background, Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesHouse Site 3b, Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSmall stone bridge, Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSmall stone bridge, Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesClose-up showing the build of the bridge, Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesClose-up showing the build of the bridge, Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStone structure/stone cairn with possible twinning pen in the foreground. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesFootings of a stone building, Allt Ctoit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesRemains of a stone-built house at Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSmall stone-built bothy or shieling, Allt Croit an T-Saior. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesRemains of stone and turf-built Shieling on high ground above Airor. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesWell-preserved enclosure wall adjoining the Airor Burn. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStone-built house Site 13, with house Site 16 behind and to the right. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStone-built house showing collapsed/robbed front wall, forms a part of the Airor Township. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStone-built house showing collapsed/robbed front wall, forms a part of the Airor Township. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesThe remains of a stone-built house next to a stream andstone bridge (Site 15). (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStone-built bridge crosses small stream. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStone-built bridge crosses small stream - showing detail of bridge construction. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesLarge stone-built house with mortared joints forms part of the Airor Township. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesLarge stone-built house with mortared joints forms part of the Airor Township. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesIrregular-shaped enclosure may have been former sheep/stock-pen within Airor Township. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesIrregular-shaped enclosure may have been former sheep/stock-pen within Airor Township. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStone-built bothy or house within the former Township of Samadalan. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSmall stone-built bothy, byre or shieling structure built into the base of a low heather-covered knoll. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral view over Airor Bay, Knoydart. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot showing patches of lazybed cultivation within the Airor Township. (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot showing gorge in upper reaches of Airor Burn. (photo by Steven Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot showing upper reaches of Airor gorge and Allt na Teanga Meadhonaich. (photo by Steven Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot showing upper reaches of Airor gorge and Allt na Teanga Meadhonaich. (photo by Steven Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesWell-preserved stone and turf-built shieling in upper reaches of Airor gorge. (photo by Steven Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesEphemeral remains of stone-built shieling under heather and grass in upper reaches of Airor gore. (photo by Steven Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological Services

Reports

Fieldwork Report  © West Coast Archaeological Services (File size: 5015 KB)
Grid Reference:Centred NG 7198 0497 (2676m by 2520m)
Map Sheet:NG70SW
Civil Parish:GLENELG
Geographical Area:LOCHABER
Location:Airor, Glenelg

Associated Finds - none

Sources and further reading

  • Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Birch, S. and Peteranna, M.. 2012. Airor, Knoydart Peninsula - Woodland Planting Scheme: Archaeological Desk-based Assessment and Walkover Survey. West Coast Archaeological Services. Digital.

Related Monuments/Buildings

MHG56178Boundary wall - Airor Burn, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56179Boundary wall - Airor Burn, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56180Boundary wall - Airor Burn, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56177Boundary wall - near Airor, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56176Boundary wall - near Allt Croit an t-Saoir, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG23879Farmstead - Allt Croit an t-Saoir, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56167Rig and furrow - Allt Croit, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG14036Settlement - Allt Croit an t-Saoir, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56173Shieling hut - Airor Burn, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56168Shieling hut - Airor, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56172Shieling hut - Airor, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56175Shieling huts - Airor Burn, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG27217Township - Airor, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG5329Township - Samadalan, Glenelg (Monument)
MHG56171Unknown structure - Airor, Glenelg (Monument)

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