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Record details

ID:EHG3840
External Ref:CUE13
Name:DBA and walkover survey - Culachy Estate Woodland Planting Scheme
Organisation:West Coast Archaeological Services
Date:Mar 2013

Description

An archaeological desk-based assessment and walkover survey was carried out by West Coast Archaeological Services in March 2013 on behalf of Bidwells and Culachy Estate, Fort Augustus in advance of a woodland establishment scheme. The work was undertaken to assess the nature and extent of any archaeological sites and features likely to be affected within the areas outlined for planting and regeneration and to inform recommendations for the protection and management of any sites located. The survey identified seventeen new and unrecorded archaeological sites including enclosures, turf and stone dykes, clearance cairns, shielings and the remains of a dam and associated hydro scheme relating to the estate; and the previously recorded route of Wade’s Military Road. Mitigation measures were proposed to safeguard the sites during the establishment of the woodland scheme. <1>

Type(s) of Investigation

  • DESK BASED ASSESSMENT
  • WALKOVER SURVEY

Images

Site 1 - Sheiling mound (photo by Steven Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 15 - Inspection chamber and hydro-pipe built into stone laid, to the N of dam site 16 (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 15 - Iron pipe (displaced) connecting two sections of ceramic pipe forming part of hydro system (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 15 - Iron, flanged pipe to the N of dam site 16, forms a part of the now abandoned hydro system to Culachy House (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - Stone-revetted  NE face of the dam, with the stream cut/breach to the left in the image (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - View along top of stone and turf dam showing sluice-gate housing and iron mechanism to the right and continuation of dam beyong breach to overflow (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - Suice-gate housing and surviving iron mechanism (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - Image showing sluice-gate housing and beach in dam, exposing stone and timber revetting (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - Stone-built overflow ramp on SE side of dam (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - Image showing stone overflow ramp at top of dam. Concrete surface survives below the grass (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - View down the overgrown overflow channel, which has been cut into the hillside (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 3 - Stone clearance cairn (photo by Steven Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - Image showing breach through dam showing stone and timber revettments and sluice-gate housing (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 16 - General shot of site 16 showing sluice-gate housing and mechanism, overflow ramp and the tiered back face of the dam (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 18 - Turf and stone-built oval shieling (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 4 - Stone clearance cairn (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 6 - Turf and stone boundary dyke (photo by Steve Birch )  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot from Creagan a Chnoic to Wade's Military Road (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot from Creagan a Chnoic over survey area (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesGeneral shot looking to Loch Ness and Fort Augustus from Creagan a Chnoic (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 10 - Stone clearance cairns near summit of Creagan a Chnoic (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 13 - One of two well-built clearance cairns with remaining kerb showing, within larger cluster of cairns (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 20-34 - View over the settlement of Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 27 - The major stone and turf dyke enclosing the settlement at Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 31 - Image of the consumption dykes forming terraces in the enclosure at Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 34 - Image showing the very degraded remains of a tone-built house in the setlement of Knollbuck - possibly the original house in the settlement (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 34 - View NNE over the house showing clearance heaped onto the structure, from later agricultural developments at Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 20-34 - View over the settlement of Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 2- - Stone-built byre is part of farmstead at Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 20 - Stone-built byre is part of farmstead at Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 21b - Stone-built house at Knollbuck - later turned into kennels (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 21b - Views showing house/kennels and lean-to tin structure (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 21b - Detail showing window and dressed stone surround (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 21b - View from inside house/kennels showing collapsed gable-end, fireplace and recessed cupboards to each side (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSite 20-34 - View over the settlement of Knollbuck (photo by Steve Birch)  © West Coast Archaeological Services

Reports

Fieldwork report  © West Coast Archaeological Services (File size: 3193 KB)
Grid Reference:Centred NH 3658 0526 (1763m by 2409m)
Map Sheet:NH30NE
Civil Parish:BOLESKINE AND ABERTARFF
Geographical Area:INVERNESS
Location:Culachy Estate

Associated Finds - none

Sources and further reading

  • Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Birch, S.. 2013. Woodland Planting Scheme: Archaeological desk-based assessment and walkover survey: Culachy Estate - Fort Augustus, Highland. West Coast Archaeological Services. Digital.

Related Monuments/Buildings

MHG56468Clearance cairns - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56473Clearance cairns - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56474Clearance cairns - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56466Clearance cairns - Knollbuck (Monument)
MHG17520Corrieyairack Pass, Connachie Burn to Culachy (Monument)
MHG4332Corrieyairack Pass, General Wade's Military Road (general) (Monument)
MHG56477Dam overflow, dam sluice and dam - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56469Dyke - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56470Dyke - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56479Dyke - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56472Enclosure - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56475Enclosure - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG22966Farmstead - Knollbuck (Monument)
MHG56476Lade / pipe run - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56467Sheiling mounds - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56478Shieling mound - Culachy Estate (Monument)
MHG56471Stone cairn - Culachy Estate (Monument)

Related thematic articles

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