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Record details

ID:EHG4158
External Ref:GSP11
Name:Watching brief and recording - Garve to Strathpeffer, Ross-shire
Organisation:West Coast Archaeological Services
Date:Aug-Oct 2011

Description

An archaeological watching brief and excavation was carried out by WCAS in August 2011 as a result of recommendations from survey work undertaken in 2010 (see EHG3486), along the new water main line between Garve and Strathpeffer and archaeological interests within 50m. However, at the last minute, WCAS was informed of changes to the route location and to the equipment used for construction. As a consequence the fieldwork centred on rescue recording of the portion of previously unknown C18th Caulfield military road. <1>

Type(s) of Investigation

  • EXCAVATION
  • WATCHING BRIEF

Images

Strath Garve Forest Gate, start of D6 mole trencher's trial run without pipe (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStrath Garve Forest Gate, start of D6 mole trencher's trial run without pipe, shows upheaval of military road foundations (large stones/boulders) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStrath Garve Forest Gate, start of D6 mole trencher's trial run without pipe, shows upheaval of military road foundations (large stones/boulders) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesStrath Garve Forest Gate, start of D6 mole trencher's trial run without pipe, shows upheaval of military road foundations (large stones/boulders) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Burst stone box culvert capping stones (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 2 Burst stone box culvert capping stones (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesUpheaval detail (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesInlet of piped water course shown on current 1:10,000 OS map, Feature No 24 (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesPiped water course shown on current 1:10,000 OS map, looking towards forest gate, Feature No 24 (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Burst stone box culvert cover stones (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 2 Whole culvert (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 2 Detail of damage (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 2 Detail of damage (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDelta D6 mole trencher halted (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDelta D6 mole trencher halted (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 2 Shows damage after the previous day's trial run had been levelled out (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 2 Shows damage after the previous day's trial run had been levelled out (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 2 Shows damage after the previous day's trial run had been levelled out (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Shows outlet elevation post cleaning back, note: part of outer side walls and one cover stone missing (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Shows outlet elevation post cleaning back, note: part of outer side walls and one cover stone missing (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Shows outlet elevation post cleaning back, note: part of outer side walls and one cover stone missing (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Outlet, post cleaning back in plan view, part of outer side walls and one cover stone missing (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Inlet post cleaning back (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 Inlet post partial excavation (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 1 View of whole culvert post cleaning back and post partial excavation (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 4 Wrecked stone box culvert close to where D6 was halted on 11/08/2011 (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 Inlet of a visible stone box culvert, roughly cleaned off to photograph (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 15 Inlet of a working stone box culvert (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 15 Outlet of a working stone box culvert, exposed by machine to photograph (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDelta D6 mole trencher broken down near the Allt na Goibhle (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDelta D6 mole trencher broken down near the Allt na Goibhle (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 15 Shows internal structure looking inside from the outlet end (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 15 Shows internal structure looking inside from the outlet end (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 15 Shows internal structure looking inside from the outlet end (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 15 Shows internal structure looking inside from the outlet end (taken 12/08/2011 without flash) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 15 Shows internal structure looking inside from the outlet end (taken 12/08/2011) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 0 to 1m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 0 to 1m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 1 to 2m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 2 to 3m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 3 to 4m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 4 to 5m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centerd on 5 to 6m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 6 to 7m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road centred on 7 to 8m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road, whole section (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road, whole section (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through military road, whole section (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection, Feature No 20, through Caulfield military road, machined trench (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 0 to 1m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 1 to 2m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 2 to 4m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 2 to 5m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 3 to 6m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 5 to 8m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 6 to 8m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesWhole trench (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesWhole trench (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 2 to 3m and showing the boulder revettment (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 3 to 4m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 4 to 5m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSSE-facing section through Feature No 20, Caulfield military road, centred on 1 to 2m (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 14 near the section trench, inlet roughly cleaned off (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesShows position of section trench backfilled and consolidated, Feature No 20 (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 Inlet of a visible stone box culvert, roughly cleaned off to photograph (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 Inlet of a visible stone box culvert, roughly cleaned off to photograph (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 roughly scraped off for excavation potential assessment (excavated following day) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 whole length cleaned back (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 whole length cleaned back (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 outlet portion cleaned back, shows displaced and tilted cover slab plus other evidence of collapse (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 outlet portion cleaned back, shows displaced and tilted cover slab plus other evidence of collapse (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 shows outer one third of culvert after cover stones and loose collapsed stones removed (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 shows outer one third of culvert after cover stones and loose collapsed stones removed (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 shows side wall stones set on edge with temporary chock (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature No 7 of the outer part of culvert shows degree of silting up plus some collapsed stones still blocking the channel (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesBlackmuir Wood alongside wall, Feature No 23, between wood and Elsick Farm, after machine scraping to clear route for D6 mole trencher (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesEarth bank and Ditch, Feature No 22, at break for new water main (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesEarth bank and Ditch, Feature No 22, at break for new water main (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesEarth bank and Ditch, Feature No 22, at break for new water main (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDry stone wall, Feature No 23, shows present day footpath running c5m E of and parallel to earlier track and wall, also shows robbed wall stones paving the path (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDry stone wall, Feature No 23, shows gap in wall, previously robbed, recently scraped for laying of new water main (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDry stone wall, Feature No 23, shows wall to full height to centre of picture and gap for water main to left of picture (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCairn, Site 11 (WCAS report 2010), shows section to be open trenched before start, cairn midway along length of pipe to left of picture, down bank (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCairn, Site 11 (WCAS report 2010), shows section to be open trenched before start, cairn midway along length of pipe to right of picture, down bank (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCairn, Site 11 (WCAS report 2010), shows the cairn in bracken below and left of machine above (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCairn, Site 11 (WCAS report 2010), shows the cairn in bracken below the machine jib (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 1m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 2m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 3m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 4m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 5m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 6m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 7m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 8m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 9m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 10m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 11m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 12m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 13m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 14m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 15m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesN-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 16m working E to W (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 16m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 15m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 14m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 13m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 12m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 11m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 10m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 9m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 8m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 7m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 6m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 5m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 4m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 3m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 2m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesS-facing profile of trench along route beside cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010); taken at 1m working W to E (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesE end of machine trench by cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesWhole trench looking west after completion by cairn Site 11 (WCAS report 2010) (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesField at Rogie Farm shows minimal surface impact left by the D6 mole trencher in arable land after pipe laying and rolling (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesField at Rogie Farm shows minimal surface impact left by the D6 mole trencher in arable land after pipe laying and rolling (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesReinstatement at break in drystone wall, Feature No 23 (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection of drystone wall, Feature No 23, c60m N of break (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesSection of drystone wall, Feature No 23, c60m N of break (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesEarth bank and Ditch, Feature No 22, at break for new water main, showing branch extension of water main being laid to Park Road Strathpeffer (photo by John Wombell)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, whole length cleaned back (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, whole length cleaned back (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, whole length cleaned back (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, whole length cleaned back; showing location of perpendicular back drain, cut through natural, and displaced lintel slabs (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, whole length cleaned back; showing location of perpendicular back drain, cut through natural, and displaced lintel slabs (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, whole length cleaned back; showing location of perpendicular back drain, cut through natural, and displaced lintel slabs (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, during excavation, showing the drain side walls below the removed lintels (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, during excavation, showing the drain side walls below the removed lintels (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesCulvert, Feature 7, during excavation, showing the drain side walls below the removed lintels (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesView from the Feature 7 outlet through the drain (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDrain side walls and layer of silting, Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDrain side walls and layer of silting, Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDrain side walls and layer of silting, Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDrain side walls and layer of silting, Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological ServicesDrain side walls and layer of silting, Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © West Coast Archaeological Services

Reports

Fieldwork report  © West Coast Archaeological Services (File size: 3243 KB)
Grid Reference:Centred NH 4360 5946 (70m by 7m)
Map Sheet:NH45NW
Civil Parish:FODDERTY
Geographical Area:ROSS AND CROMARTY
Location:Garve to Strathpeffer, Ross-shire

Associated Finds - none

Sources and further reading

  • Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Peteranna, M. & Wombell, J.. 2012. New water main pipeline: Garve to Strathpeffer, Ross-shire: Archaeological watching brief and recording. West Coast Archaeological Services. Digital.

Related Monuments/Buildings - none

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