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Record details

ID:EHG4256
External Ref:ACH14
Name:Evaluation and building survey - former Achnacarry Commando Camp
Organisation:Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services (RoCAS)
Date:May 2014

Description

An archaeological evaluation and building survey of a WWll-era shooting butt was carried out on in May 2014 by RoCAS on behalf of the Lochaber Archaeological Society in the grounds of Achnacarry Castle, Achnacarry, Spean Bridge. The work was carried out as part of a project designed to highlight the pivotal role that Achnacarry Estate and other parts of Lochaber played in the wartime training of 25,000 elite troops. The purpose of the archaeological evaluation was to assess one of a pair of shooting butts which, during wartime training, had contained targets used for shooting practice. The stratigraphy of the trench allowed conclusions to be drawn about the phases of use. Numerous and various bullets were recovered during excavation. The building survey was carried out to record the location and extent of what was thought to be a former guard room. <1>

Type(s) of Investigation

  • BUILDING SURVEY
  • TRIAL TRENCH

Images

Pre-excavation shot showing the bullet damage on the NNW face of the garden wall behind butt 1 (E side of the door) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPre-excavation shot of shooting butt 1 on the E side of the door to the walled garden (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPre-excavtion shot of shooting butt 1 in the foreground and butt 2 in the background (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPre-excavation shot of butt 1 with part of butt 2 showing on the left of the picture (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPre-excavation shot of shooting butts 1 (right) and 2 (left) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPre-excavation shot of shooting butts 2 (foreground) and 1 (background) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of the bullet damage to the wall behind butt 1 (pre-excavation) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesExposed profile on butt 2 (W side of the door) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of the damage to the wall behind butt 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of trench 2 at the base of butt 1 showing pieces of timber from the target structure (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of trench 2 at the base of butt 1 showing pieces of timber from the target structure (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of trench 2 at the base of butt 1 showing pieces of timber from the target structure (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of two of the timber pieces in trench 2 - the piece in the foreground as a bullet in situ (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of the timber in trench 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of trench 1, located at the top of the butt mound below the bullet damage (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of trench 1 showing the lack of damage in the wall face uncovered and the remains of sandbags (mounding visible) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of trench 1 showing the remains of a sandbag on the left side and pieces of hessian below the right-hand end of the pole (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up shot of the pieces of hessian (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of trench 1 showing the mounds indicating sandbags (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of the trench 1 extension (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of the trench 1 extension showing structural timbers in the foreground (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of the trench 1 extension showing structural timbers in the foreground (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of the structural timbers in trench 1 extension (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavation shot of the trench 1 extension (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesMid-excavtion shot of trench 1 showing a sandbag in profile beneath the horizontal pole (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesShot of a small post-hole (feature 4) to the right of the 20cm scale in trench 1 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesClose-up of the small post-hole (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of trench 1 extension (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of trench 1 extension showing the rear structural beam (feature 6) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of trench 1 extension showing the WSW-facing section (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavtion of trench 1 extension showing the WSW-facing section (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTrench 1 extension WSW-facing section showing the rear structural beam and the layering events of sandbags and soil (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTrench 1 WSW-facing section adjacent to the garden wall showing a sandbag in the profile (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTrench 1 extension section showing the front structural timber in the section and the rear timber in the bottom right (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTrench 1 extension WSW-facing section showing the rear structural beam and the layering events of sandbags and soil (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTrench 1 ENE-facing section showing a brick layer beneath the abandonment layer and topsoil/turf (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTrench 1 extension ENE-facing section showing the layering events - the yellowish patches are sandbags (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesTrench 1 extension ENE-facing section showing the layering events - the yellowish patches are sandbags (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of the trench 1 extension ENE-facing section (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of the trench 1 extension ENE-facing section - the rear timber is shown bottom left (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of the trench 1 extension ENE-facing section - the rear timber is shown bottom left (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation shot of trench 1 and extension (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-cleaning shot of the base of a possible guard room - the flagstone in the foreground suggest the entrance position (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-cleaning shot of the base of a possible guard room - the flagstone in the foreground suggest the entrance position (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-cleaning of the base of a possible guard room - looking towards the location of the mock graves (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-cleaning of the base of a possible guard room - looking towards the gates to Achnacarry House (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesShot showing the depth of the base's foundation (0.13m) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesShot showing the depth of the base's foundation (0.13m) (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services.45 ACP bullets from trench2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services.303 cases from trench 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services.303 cases from trench 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services.45 ACP cases from trench 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services9mm bullet from trench 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesFlattened bullet from between the timbers in trench 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services.255 II case from trench 2 (photo by Lynn Fraser)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological ServicesWorking shot (photo by Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services)  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services

Reports

Fieldwork report  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services (File size: 3628 KB)
Grid Reference:Centred NN 1771 8794 (337m by 50m)
Map Sheet:NN18NE
Civil Parish:KILMALLIE
Geographical Area:LOCHABER
Location:Achnacarry, Spean Bridge, Lochaber

Associated Finds - none

Sources and further reading

  • Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Fraser, L. & Peteranna, M.. 2014. Achnacarry Commando Camp, Achnacarry, Spean bridge: Archaeological Evaluation: Final Report. Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services (RoCAS). Digital.

Related Monuments/Buildings - none

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