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Record details

ID:EHG4290
External Ref:
Name:Trial trenching - Wester Drakies, Culcabock, Inverness
Organisation:Stuart Farrell
Date:June 2014

Description

An archaeological evaluation was carried out at Wester Drakies, Culcabock, Inverness, in 2014 by S Farrell and M Peteranna as part of a planning application to develop the site for new housing. The proposed development site comprised an area of open ground and an existing house site. The evaluation work followed upon a desk-based assessment and photographic survey of the steading conducted in 2009 (See EHG3134). A total of 6.8% of the whole development area (approximately 5,800 m²) was evaluated. The entire development area was not evaluated due to the location of an existing house plot and large rubble pile (from the demolished steading) on the southwest side of the site. A total of 11 trenches or 394 m² were excavated being about 9.7% of the area beyond the existing house plot. Trenches 1, 2 and 9 were extended to investigate features uncovered in the trenches and to avoid existing underground utilities, the latter caused a trench to the south of the existing house not to be excavated. The evaluation revealed the remains of thirteen pits of unknown use, a stone-lined drain associated with the former steading and structural remains associated with C20 farm buildings, a household midden and sheep burial. Finds made were of a C19-C20 date. <1>

Type(s) of Investigation

  • TRIAL TRENCH

Images

NE half of development site prior to evaluation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaFormer location of Wester Drakies Steading and rubble pile as a result of the demolition (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaNE half of development site prior to evaluation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaNE half of development site prior to evaluation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSlab-lined ditch built into base of former steading wall (Feature 1, in back) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSlab-lined ditch built into base of former steading wall (Feature 1, in back) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSlab-lined ditch built into base of former steading wall (Feature 1, in back) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSlab-lined ditch built into base of former steading wall (Feature 1, in back) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaMid-excavation image of Feature 2 drain (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaW-facing trench section of Trench 1, showing profile of Feature 2 within the steading wall (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaE-facing trench section of Trench 1, showing profile of Feature 2 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSection of former steading western wall, exposed in Trench 1 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSection of former steading western wall, exposed in Trench 1 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaMid-excavation image of Feature 2 drain (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 1, post-excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 2, showing possible pit features after topsoil removal (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 2, showing possible pit features after topsoil removal (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaESE end of Trench 2, showing midden pit in trench corner, after excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaFeature 6, ESE-facing section; Feature 5 pit to left (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaPre-excavation image of Feature 7 pit (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaE-facing section of Feature 9 pit (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaPre-excavation image of Feature 8 pit (front) and non-feature 10 (back) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaESE-facing section of Feature 11 pit (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaESE-facing section of Feature 12 pit (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaE-facing section of Feature 13 pit with Feature 14 in back (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaPre-excavation image of Feature 14 pit (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaBrick base and concrete kerb of former structure (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 3, post-excavation, showing possible pit features in back (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 1, post-excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 4, post-excavation, showing possible pit feature locations (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 1, S end, showing depth of topsoil in E side of trench (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 5, N trench face showing upper topsoil (009) over primary soil (010) at base (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 5, post-excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 6, post-excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 7, post-excavation, showing remains of sheep burial at SE end (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTest pit at SW end of Trench 8, post-excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 8, post-excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCobble and slabbed surface (Feature 19) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCobble and slabbed surface (Feature 19) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaS-facing section through Feature 19 surface (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaS-facing section through Feature 19 surface; looking down Trench 9 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCobble and slabbed surface (Feature 19), Trench 9 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaS-facing section of cobble and stone track, Feature 20 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCobble and stone track, Feature 20; looking down Trench 9 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCobble and stone track, Feature 20; looking down Trench 9 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaN end of Trench 9; ranging pole marks the location of the sheep burial and rubbish pit (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 10, post-excavation and base of fence post in front centre (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaTrench 11, post-excavation (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaESE-facing section of pit Feature 5 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSE-facing section of pit Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSE-facing section of pit Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaLooking  NW across Trench 2 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaSE-facing section of pit Feature 8 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaS-facing section of pit Feature 14 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaPost-excavation image of pit Feature 8 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaPost-excavation image of pit Feature 7 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaPost-excavation image of pits, Feature 15 (front) and Feature 16 (back) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaN-facing section of pit Feature 17 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaW-facing section of pit Feature 18 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaDrain, Feature 2, after excavation; showing W-facing section (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaDrain, Feature 2, after excavation; showing W-facing section (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaDrain, Feature 2, after excavation; showing W-facing section (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCeramic sherds from the topsoil, Trench 1 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaGlass sherds from the topsoil, Trench 1 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaGlass bottle base from the topsoil, Trench 2 (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCeramic sherds (SF2) from lower fill of midden Feature 3 (Context 007) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaCeramic sherds (SF1) from upper fill of midden Feature 3 (Context 006) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary PeterannaIron objects (tools) (SF1) from upper fill of midden Feature 3 (Context 006) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary Peteranna"Gartons HP Sauce" bottles (SF1) from upper fill of midden Feature 3 (Context 006) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary Peteranna"John Wright & Co Perth" bottles (SF1) from upper fill of midden Feature 3 (Context 006) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary Peteranna"McEwans Edinburgh" bottles (SF1) from upper fill of midden Feature 3 (Context 006) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary Peteranna"Maison Lyon" bottle (SF1) from upper fill of midden Feature 3 (Context 006) (photo by Mary Peteranna)  © Mary Peteranna

Reports

Fieldwork Report  © Stuart Farrell & Mary Peteranna (File size: 5527 KB)
Grid Reference:Centred NH 6816 4429 (82m by 76m)
Map Sheet:NH64SE
Civil Parish:INVERNESS AND BONA
Geographical Area:INVERNESS
Location:Wester Drakies, Culcabock, Inverness

Associated Finds - none

Sources and further reading

  • Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Farrell, S. & Peteranna, M.. 2014. Report of an Archaeological Evaluation at Wester Drakies, Culcabock, Inverness. Stuart Farrell. Digital.

Related Monuments/Buildings - none

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