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Record details

ID:MHG1394
Type of record:Monument
Name:Windmill, Castlehill Pavement Works
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Summary

C19 windmill. The well preserved stone tower which would have been topped with a wooden cap and sails remains.

Images

(photo by Andrew Puls)  © Please contact Highland Council for details© Highland Council(photo by Andrew Puls)  © Highland CouncilCastlehill Windmill (photo by Andrew Puls)  © Highland Council(photo by Andrew Puls)  © Highland Council(photo by Andrew Puls)  © Highland Council(photo by Andrew Puls)  © Highland Council(photo by Andrew Puls)  © Highland Council(photo by Andrew Puls)  © Highland Council

Reports

Sites and Monuments Record Card  © Highland Council (File size: 168 KB)© Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 172 KB)
Grid Reference:ND 1951 6860
Map Sheet:ND16NE
Civil Parish:OLRIG
Geographical Area:CAITHNESS

Monument Types

  • WINDMILL (Built, 19th Century - 1824 AD to 1872 AD (between))
Protected Status:Scheduled Monument 4274: Castlehill Windmill, Olrig

Other References/Statuses

  • Historic Environment Record: MHG1394
  • NMRS NUMLINK Reference: 8418
  • NMRS Record Details: ND16NE42.1 CASTLEHILL PAVEMENT WORKS, TOWER PUMPING WINDMILL
  • Old SMR Reference Number: ND16NE0032

Full description

Pumping Windmill, masonry rubble stump of a small unit probably used to pump the quarry workings. For details of the stump see MS/500/15/17.
Visited by RCAHMS (GJD) November 1991

The windmill, which would originally have been topped with a wooden cap and sails, would have pumped water from the quarry into the adjacent dam. The dam would then have provided the water to power a waterwheel, which drove the saws used to cut and trim the flagstones in the cutting yard <1>.

The windmill fell out of use between 1872 and 1906; it is annotated as 'Old Windmill' on the second edition 25" OS map of 1906. The remains of the windmill form part of the Castlehill Flagstone Trail <2>.


Hume, J R, 1977, The industrial archaeology of Scotland 2: The Highlands and Islands, 54, 193 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2332.


Douglas, Oglethorpe and Hume, G, M and J R, 1984, Scottish windmills: a survey, 3, 27-8, app 55, 63, 64 (Text/Report). SHG2135.


<1> Close-Brooks, J, 1995, The Highlands, Pg 61-2 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG22769.


<2> Puls, A, Comment by Andrew Puls, HC Archaeologist (Verbal Communication). SHG23286.

Related Monument/Building records

MHG698Part of: Castlehill Pavement Works (Monument)

Related Investigations - none

Related documents/files/web pages

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