|Type of record:||Monument|
|Name:||South Yarrows North Chambered Cairn|
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An Orkney-Cromarty type long, horned cairn with a Camster- type chamber. The cairn appears to have originated as a round cairn.
|Grid Reference:||ND 30490 43460|
|Protected Status:||Scheduled Monument 507: South Yarrows, long cairn 220m NW of|
- Historic Environment Record: MHG2229
- NMRS NUMLINK Reference: 9068
- NMRS Record Details: ND34SW6 SOUTH YARROWS, NORTH
- Old SMR Reference Number: ND34SW0006
Long Cairn (NR) OS 1:10,000 map, (1976)
An Orkney-Cromarty type long, horned cairn with a Camster- type chamber. It is 190ft long and varies from 25-45ft in width. The site has been much robbed and is partly overgrown by peat and heather. The chamber has been re-used and a cist, which contained an urn and seventy 'tiny, round lignite disc beads' of a single string jet necklace, inserted in the outer compartment. Ten beads are in NMAS (EO 132); remaining finds have been lost.
A S Henshall 1963; J G Callander 1916. <1><2>
As described and planned by Miss Henshall.
Resurveyed at 1:2500. Visited by OS (N K B) 2 May 1967.
The cairn has a distinct 'head and tail' profile, and, in addition, the excavator noted a wall revetting the back of the round mound containing the chamber. These facts, together with the very short passage, indicate that the cairn originated as a round, chambered cairn too small to effect the plan of the subsequent long cairn, except that the axes of cairn and chamber do not coincide. The cairn is probably relatively late in date.
A S Henshall 1972. <3>
Information added to the public contributions module on Canmore states that the remaining beads from this necklace (seventy two in total) are in the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford (accession no. 1884.76.133). The beads are recorded as being excavated by Joseph Anderson and Robert Innes Shearer in August 1865. Further information can be found in the Museum's online catalogue. <4>
Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG3917.
Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG4422.
Close-Brooks, J, 1986, Exploring Scotland's Heritage: The Highlands, 168-9, No. 97 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2053.
Davidson, JL and Henshall, A S, 1991, The chambered cairns of Caithness: an inventory of the structures and their contents, 140-2, no. 54; plan (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2115.
<1> Henshall, A S, 1963, The chambered tombs of Scotland, Volume 1, 291-2, CAT 54; plan (Text/Publication/Monograph). SHG357.
<2> Callander, J G, 1916, 'Notice of a jet necklace found in a cist in a Bronze Age cemetery, discovered on Burgie Lodge Farm, Morayshire, with notes on Scottish prehistoric jet ornaments', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 50 1915-16, p.201-40, 238 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1244.
<3> Henshall, A S, 1972, The chambered tombs of Scotland, Volume 2, 220-1, 239, CAT 54; plan (Text/Publication/Monograph). SHG358.
<4> RCAHMS, Canmore, online database of the Royal Commission for the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS), 9068 (Interactive Resource/Online Database). SHG23282.
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