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Record details

ID:MHG4411
Type of record:Monument
Name:Baldow deserted township (Easter Raitts), Alvie
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Images

1999  © Please contact Highland Council for detailsAerial view of Easter Raitts  © Please contact Highland Council for detailsPlan of Township  © Please contact Highland Council for details(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 Plane table (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 Gordon (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 Rig & Furrow (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 Corn-drying kiln (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 Corn drying kiln (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 Corn drying kiln (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1996 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1997 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1997 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1997 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1997 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland CouncilEaster Raitts 1997 (photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council(photo by Highland Council)  © Highland Council

Reports

Article  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 947 KB)Colour photograph  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 264 KB)Colour photograph  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 593 KB)Colour photograph  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 2222 KB)Colour photograph  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 6090 KB)Colour photograph  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 6216 KB)Colour photograph  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 413 KB)Sites and Monuments Record Card  © Highland Council (File size: 33 KB)Plan  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 245 KB)Report  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 295 KB)Report  © Please contact Highland Council for details (File size: 668 KB)Fieldwork report  © Centre for Field Archaeology University of Edinburgh (File size: 6273 KB)Fieldwork report  © AOC Scotland Ltd (File size: 15900 KB)Interim Field Report  © University of Aberdeen (File size: 2106 KB)
Grid Reference:NH 7750 0230
Map Sheet:NH70SE
Civil Parish:ALVIE
Geographical Area:BADENOCH AND STRATHSPEY

Monument Types

  • TOWNSHIP (Post Medieval - 1560 AD to 1900 AD)

Scores

  • Survival: EARTHWORK (undated)
  • Survival: VISIBLE FEATURE (<1M (undated)

Other References/Statuses

  • Historic Environment Record: MHG4411
  • NMRS NUMLINK Reference: 14080
  • Non-Statutory Register (R)
  • Old SMR Reference Number: NH70SE0006

Full description

Access audit photos - hAW 11/12003

A topographic survey at Easter Raitts, Alvie, was commissioned by Highland Regional Council and was conducted by AOC (Scotland) Ltd in 1995. The aim of the survey was to provide data which would enable a reconstruction of the township at the Highland Folk Park. The survey area lay on the south-facing slopes on the north side of the river Spey some 2km northeast of Kingussie. Two areas were targeted for the survey: to the west a square area c60m by 60m, and to the east a rectangular area c340m east to west and 120m wide. The west area contained a corn-drying kiln, an enclosure, a platform and two rectangular buildings. In the larger area to the east, 36 features were recorded: amongst these were 10 rectangular buildings. Some of these are mapped on the first edition OS map, surveyed in 1869, as part of a settlement called Baldow. Two of the features recorded in the east area may predate the main parts of the Baldow settlement; a platform to the west and the cairn to the east of Baldow, may both have been of prehistoric date. <1>

Nh 7774 0228 Excavation was carried out during June 1995 in advance of the proposed reconstruction of the township of Easter Raitts for the development of the Highland Folk Park. The township is the easternmost of several similar settlements in the area known as Upper Raitts.
A total area of over 55sq m was excavated. This took the form of eight individual trenches positioned across the interior and exterior of two domestic structures and outbuildings, associated terraces, dykes and lanes. One trench examined one of a pair of possible kilns lying adjacent to each other cut into a terrace.
The structures appear to be well built with faced stone, squared corners and paved byres. Floors of beaten earth were identified within the main chambers of two structures. The immediate exterior of one of the structures appears to have been cobbled, with entrances either cobbled or flagstone-laid in both cases. A small assemblage of finds consisting mainly of glass sherds and sherds of porcelain was recovered during the excavation.
Sponsor: Highland Folk Museum.
K Cameron 1995.

NH 7774 0228 A three-week season of excavation at the township of Easter Raitts, providing training as part of Aberdeen University?s Certificate in Field Archaeology, investigated two longhouses. One proved to have at least three levels of earth floor preserved around a central hearth and paved area at the W end of the house, with a stone-packed drain at the E end. An additional room at the E end of the building was cobbled and paved and contained a curving stone structure, possibly a kiln. Structural evidence consisted of two large post-holes, including one which had supported a central post by the hearth.
A second longhouse investigated had been reused to house animals. It had a central hearth and a paved entrance leading onto a cobbled apron which looked out over Strathspey. A cruck-slot, consisting of a substantial stone setting, was also found. The entrance had later been sealed and a rough manger constructed at the W end, against the wall of a later structure built over that end of the longhouse. Abutting this smaller, stone-built structure was a rectangular platform, possibly used to store hay, and a large cobbled yard to the W.
Outside both longhouses was evidence that the walls had been built of turf, piled above stone footings one or two courses high.
Sponsors: Highland Council, Vernacular Buildings Trust, Aberdeen University.
O Lelong 1997

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NH70SE 6.02 centred on 777 023

A township comprising seven unroofed buildings and an enclosure is depicted on the 1st edition of the OS 6-inch map (Inverness-shire 1872, sheet lxxxvii). Ten unroofed buildings and an enclosure are shown on the current edition of the OS 1:10000 map (1994).
Information from RCAHMS (SAH) 16 July 1996
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NH70SE 6.00 centred on 775 023

An extensive depopulated settlement at Upper Raitts of two distinct parts. The more westerly, centred at NH 7735 0227, contains the footings of 17 buildings, ranging in size from c. 15.0m by c. 5.0m to c. 7.0m by c. 3.0m, 2 enclosures, 1 corn drying kiln and several field walls.
The more easterly, centred at NH 7774 0228, is compact, containing the footings of 12 buildings, varying in size from c. 22.0m by c 5.0m to c 7.0m by c 3.0m, 2 enclosures and several field walls.
It is not known whether the name Upper Raitts applies to the area or to the depopulated settlement, nor is the reason or date of depopulation known.
Visited by OS (R L) 29 November 1966; Visible on RAF air photograph
F21 58/RAF/2500: 0090-1: flown 1958

Three areas of settlement named Upper Raitts, Baldow and Kerrowdow are depicted on the 1st edition of the OS 6-inch map (Inverness-shire 1872, sheet lxxxvii). Only two areas are shown on the current edition of the OS 1:10000 map (1994) and only the name Upper Raitts is marked.

6.01 773 023 Township
6.02 777 023 Township
6.03 778 021 Building

Information from RCAHMS (SAH) 16 July 1996

See assoc. docs. File for set of oblique photos of excavation in progress.

J Aitken : 03/01/01.


AP : Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13342.


AP : Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13343.


AP : Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13344.


AP : Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13345.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5097.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5098.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5099.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5100.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5101.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5102.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5103.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG5104.


<1> Dalland, M. & Smith, A., 1995, Archaeological survey of abandoned townships at Easter Raitts, Kingussie, Strathspey (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG25735.


<2> Cameron, K., 1995, Easter Raitts Settlement Badenoch: Data Structure Report (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG23193.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, E Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13143.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, E Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13144.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, E Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13145.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, E Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13146.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, E Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13147.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, E Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13148.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, E Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13149.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12967.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12968.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12969.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12970.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12971.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12972.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12973.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12974.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12975.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12976.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12977.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12978.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12979.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12980.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12981.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12982.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12983.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12984.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts (96) (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12985.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts 1996 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG14288.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12965.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12966.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG25737.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12922.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12923.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12924.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12925.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12926.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12927.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12928.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12929.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12930.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12931.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12932.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12933.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12934.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12935.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12936.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12937.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Easter Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12938.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts '96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13114.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts '96, corn-drying kiln (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13104.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts '96, corn-drying kiln (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13105.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts '96, corn-drying kiln (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13106.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13118.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13123.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13124.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13125.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13126.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13119.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13120.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13121.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13122.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13115.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13116.


<3> Highland Council, 1996, Raitts. 96 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13117.


<4> Lelong, O., 1997, Excavations at the Township of Easter Raitts, Badenoch: 1997 Interim Report: Structures 21 and 24 and Feature 14 (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG22111.


<5> Highland Council, 1997, Easter Raitts 1997 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13268.


<5> Highland Council, 1997, Easter Raitts 1997 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13269.


<5> Highland Council, 1997, Easter Raitts 1997 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13270.


<5> Highland Council, 1997, Easter Raitts 1997 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13271.


<5> Highland Council, 1997, Easter Raitts 1997 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13272.


<6> Lelong, O., 1998, Excavations at the Deserted Settlement of Easter Raitts, Badenoch, 1998 Interim Report: Structures 6, 21, 26 and 15 (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG21176.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, E Raitts 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG14910.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13725.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13726.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13727.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13728.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13729.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13731.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13732.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13733.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13734.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13735.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13737.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13738.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13739.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13740.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13741.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13742.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13743.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13744.


<7> Highland Council, 1998, Raitts Excavation 1998 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13745.


<9> Lelong, O., 2000, Excavations at the Deserted Settlement of Easter Raitts - 2000 Interim Report: Platform 5 and Structure 19 (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG22178.

Related Monument/Building records

MHG45051Parent of: Easter Raitts (general) (Monument)
MHG24948Parent of: Kerrowdow (Monument)
MHG4407Parent of: Upper Raitts (AP Enclosure) (Monument)
MHG17635Parent of: Upper Raitts Township (Monument)

Related Investigations

EHG3717Excavation - Easter Raitts, Alvie
EHG3716Topographic survey - Easter Raitts, Alvie
EHG3718Excavation - Baldow deserted township (Easter Raitts), Alvie
EHG3720Excavation - Baldow deserted settlement (Easter Raitts), Alvie (Ref:ER97)
Monuments/Buildings
Investigations
Conservation Areas
Listed Buildings
Scheduled Ancient Monuments
Designed Landscapes
Registered Battlefields
Marine Protected Areas