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Record details

ID:MHG55500
Type of record:Monument
Name:Neolithic pits, east of Culduthel Mains Avenue, Inverness
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Summary

Six Neolithic pits and other features excavated in advance of construction of the Inverness Flood Relief Channel.

Images

Very degraded pottery sherds from shallow pit, Feature 20. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesVery degraded pottery sherds from shallow pit, Feature 20. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesVery degraded pottery sherds from shallow pit, Feature 20. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of possible posthole. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of possible posthole. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of pit, Feature 24. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of small shallow pit, Feature 16. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of subcircular pit, possible posthole, Feature 23. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of shallow pit, Feature 22. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSmall pottery fragment within fill of Feature 22. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of Feature 19, shallow pit. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesExcavation in progress on gravel grading compound. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of Feature 26, J-shaped pit containing stoney soil fill. Facing NE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of shallow pit, Feature 22. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of section of non-feature, Feature 18. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of shallow pit, Feature 19. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesNE corner of gravel grading compound, recording in progress. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesNE corner of gravel grading compound, recording of Feature 26 in progress. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesGravel grading compound, excavation and recording of features in progress. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesGravel grading compound, excavation and recording of features in progress; Feature 27 sectioning in progress, centre left. Facing NE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesW end of flood relief channel, post-topsoil stripping. Facing SW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesW end of flood relief channel, post-topsoil stripping. Facing WSW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesFeature 26, elongated pit, post-excavation photo. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesFeature 26, elongated pit, post-excavation photo. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesFeature 27, post-excavation of sections of elongated soil/stone-filled pit. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStoney/gravelly soil-filled central section of Feature 27. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStoney/gravelly soil-filled S section of Feature 27. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesStoney/gravelly soil-filled N section of Feature 27. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesRecording of Feature 27 in progress. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF20, decorated pottery sherd from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF20, decorated pottery sherd from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF20, decorated pottery sherd from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF10, decorated pottery sherds  with linear design from Feature 20. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF10, decorated pottery sherds  with linear design from Feature 20. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF18, decorated pottery sherd from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF18, decorated pottery sherd from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF18, decorated pottery sherd from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF18, decorated pottery sherd from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF23, pottery sherd from Feature 19. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF23, pottery sherd from Feature 19. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-topsoil stripping of central portion of site compound area. Facing W. (photo by LF)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF11, possible pebble tool/whetstone(?) from Feature 23. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF11, possible pebble tool/whetstone(?) from Feature 23. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF17, medium flint flake with clear bulb of percussion and striking; 5cm by 4cm; recovered from Feature 22. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF26, possible flint knife from Feature 20. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSF26, possible flint knife from Feature 20. Facing -. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of section of Feature 9 showing the mixing of old ground surface with natural subsoil. Facing W. (photo by SB)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of section of Feature 9 showing the mixing of old ground surface with natural subsoil. Facing S. (photo by SB)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesDeposit of probable old ground surface to left of small stakehole. Facing N. (photo by SB)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesDeposit of probable old ground surface around small stakehole. Facing E. (photo by SB)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPhoto overlooking the scattered black pits, Features 12-26, in the gravel grading compound. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesCluster of five pits, Features 12-17, at the south end of the gravel grading compound. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPhoto overlooking the scattered black pits, Features 12-26, in the gravel grading compound; the dark suboval patch in centre of photo is Feature 27. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSuboval pit with dark brown-black gravelly soil fill, SW-most feature in the gravel grading compound area. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesAmorphous pit with dark brown soily fill; Feature 12 in top left. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesAmorphous pit with dark brown soily fill; Feature 12 in top left. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesThree small subcircular pits with dark brown-black fill located to S end of gravel grading compound. Facing NE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesThree small subcircular pits with dark brown-black fill located to S end of gravel grading compound. Facing NNW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesLarge subcircular pit with dark brown-black gravelly soil fill; located to NW of Features 14-16. Facing NE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSmall pit with soil, a possible feature, located N of Feature 17. Facing NE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSubcircular pit with mid-dark brown stoney soil fill. Facing NNW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesFeature 20, subcircular pit with mid-dark brown-black gravelly soil fill; Feature 22 to bottom right of photo. Facing NNE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesNorth half of site works compound after topsoil stripping, showing the red-brown silty gravel subsoil. Facing WSW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesFeature 22, subcircular pit with dark brown-black gravelly soil fill, in bottom centre of photo; Feature 20 shown in top right of photo. Facing NW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesCircular pit with dark brown-black gravelly soil fill, Feature 23;  Feature 21 shown in top centre of photo. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesCircular pit with dark brown-black gravelly soil fill, Feature 23. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSuboval shallow pit with dark brown-black stoney soil fill, Feature 21. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSuboval elongated pit contained mid-dark brown stoney soil fill, Feature 24. Facing WNW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSuboval elongated pit contained mid-dark brown stoney soil fill, Feature 24. Facing WNW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSmall suboval pit with mid-grey-brown stoney soil fill, Feature 25. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesSmall suboval pit with mid-grey-brown stoney soil fill, Feature 25. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesElongated, oval, J-shaped pit/ditch with dark-mid brown soily fill with charcoal frags at N end, Feature 26. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesElongated, oval, J-shaped pit/ditch with dark-mid brown soily fill with charcoal frags at N end, Feature 26. Facing NNE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesElongated, oval, J-shaped pit/ditch with dark-mid brown soily fill with charcoal frags at N end, Feature 26. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of Feature 13 section. Facing NE. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of section of Feature 25, showing very shallow deposit of stoney soil. Facing WNW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of small, shallow pit Feature 15. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of small, shallow pit Feature 15. Facing SSW. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of section of Feature 12, showing very dark charcoal-rich upper deposit overlying dark brown stoney soil. Facing S. (photo by SB)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of section of Feature 12, showing very dark charcoal-rich upper deposit overlying dark brown stoney soil. Facing S. (photo by SB)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of amorphous pit containing charcoal-rich stoney soil, Feature 17. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of amorphous pit containing charcoal-rich stoney soil, Feature 17. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of large subcircular pit. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of Feature 13. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of Feature 18. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation of amorphous pit, Feature 17. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of shallow pit, Feature 14. Facing S. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of shallow pit, Feature 14. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of shallow pit Feature 21. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of shallow pit Feature 21. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesPost-excavation photo of section of stoney soil-filled elongated pit, Feature 24. Facing N. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesVery degraded pottery sherds from shallow pit, Feature 20. Facing W. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological ServicesVery degraded pottery sherds from shallow pit, Feature 20. Facing E. (photo by MKP)  © Ross and Cromarty Archaeological Services

Reports

South West Inverness Flood Relief Channel Phase 3: Archaeological Watching Brief and Excavation - Data Structure Report  © Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services (File size: 14485 KB)
Grid Reference:NH 6660 4143
Map Sheet:NH64SE
Civil Parish:INVERNESS AND BONA
Geographical Area:INVERNESS

Monument Types

  • PIT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC) + Sci.Date
  • HEARTH? (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2401 BC?)

Associated Finds

  • AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
  • END SCRAPER (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
  • STONE BALL (Neolithic - 4000 BC? to 2401 BC?)
  • VESSEL (Neolithic - 3600 BC to 2900 BC)

Other References/Statuses

  • Historic Environment Record: MHG55500

Full description

Six Neolithic pits were identified and excavated during archaeological work that took place in advance of construction of the Inverness Flood Relief Channel. The pits had been truncated during past agricultural activity. Neolithic pottery, including early-middle Neolithic pottery from the "modified Carinated Bowl" tradition and Late Neolithic Grooved Ware, was recovered from all of the pits. In one of the pits the two pottery types appeared in association, the first definite case of a direct association. Other finds included flint tools, also of likely Neolithic date, a fragment of a polished stone axe, half of a stone ball and a possible fragment of an anvil stone. Charcoal samples were taken from the fills of two of the pits and radiocarbon dated.

Five other pits were identified in the same area which may be related to the Neolithic pits but which could not be characterised due to the lack of finds. These included two possible hearths or fire pits. Four further features were identified which are probably not associated and whose function remains unknown.

The Neolithic pits and their contents are discussed in detail in the excavation report. It appears that many of the pots were used in the preparation and consumption of foodstuffs and had been made locally. The different pottery traditions indicate that these pits represent the remains of a lengthy Neolithic occupation of this site. <1> <2>

Sources and further reading

<1>Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Peteranna, M. 01/2012. South West Inverness Flood Relief Channel Phase 3: Archaeological Watching Brief and Excavation - Data Structure Report. Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services. Digital. pp 14-43.
<2>Collection/Project Archive: Peteranna, M. 01/2012. South West Inverness Flood Relief Channel Phase 3: Archaeological Watching Brief and Excavation. Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services. Digital.

Related Monument/Building records - none

Related Investigations

EHG3650Excavation - Inverness Flood Relief Works (Stage 3) (Ref:IFR10)
EHG3649Watching brief, Inverness Flood Relief Works (Stage 3) (Ref:IFR10)

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