|Type of record:||Monument|
|Name:||Broch - Dun an Ruigh Ruadh|
|Feedback:||If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.|
|Grid Reference:||NH 1493 9008|
|Geographical Area:||ROSS AND CROMARTY|
- BROCH (Early Iron Age to Medieval - 550 BC to 1559 AD)
- (Alternate Type) DUN (Early Iron Age to Medieval - 550 BC to 1559 AD)
|Protected Status:||Scheduled Monument 2427: Dun an Ruigh Ruadh, broch, Loch Broom|
- Historic Environment Record: MHG7808
- NMRS NUMLINK Reference: 12146
- NMRS Record Details: NH19SW6 DUN AN RUIGH RUADH
- Old SMR Reference Number: NH19SW0006
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh (NAT). Broch (NR) (rems of)
OS 6"map, (1968)
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh or Rhiroy, NH19SW0006A
Rhiroy sits in a dramatic position on the edge of a steep bluff, overlooking Loch Broom. In local tradition, stone for the broch was brought from other side of the loch, “by men stationed at regular intervals upon rafts”. Unfortunately, outcrops of similar stone are found on both side of the loch and this is unlikely to be true. (61)
Excavations demonstrated that there had been a central hearth in the interior, surrounded by a number of wooden posts supporting an upper floor. Among the finds were a rotary quern for grinding corn, a pot-lid, hammerstones, as well as a silver ring, all of which attest to the domestic occupation of the broch. (53)
Armit, I., 1997. Celtic Scotland. Edinburgh: Batsford.
Close-Brooks, J., 1995. Exploring Scotland’s Heritage. The Highlands. Edinburgh: HMSO, 145, No. 86.
Info from SCRAN Project, March, 2000
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh: The remains of a galleried dun according to MacKie, but a broch according to other authorities, of which roughly a third of NE arc has fallen over rocky bluff on which it stands, but the remainder still stands to a maximum height of 9'6" over accumulated debris of about 4'. It measures c. 38' in diameter internally with walls c. 14' thick.
Excavations by MacKie in 1968 revealed a flattened circle on plan, the straighter side of which runs along edge of bluff. Here, wall is thinner and less well built, lacking intra-mural gallery visible elsewhere. The stairway to first-floor level and part of stair to an even higher level are discernible. The doorway in E is checked. A scarcement is visible 4.5' - 5' above ground level. Within central court are post-holes indicating a raised wooden structure resting on scarcement and posts, which was later pulled down, and dun used as an ordinary dwelling. The post-holes were filled in, cobbles laid on top of them, and a stone tank was sunk into interior. Finds include several rotary querns, a stone pot lid, a jet counter, hammer stones, and a silver finger ring.
MacKie 1968b, 1969d, f; R W Feachem 1963; Calder and Steer 1951
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh, a galleried dun as described by MacKie.
Surveyed at 1:2500 Visited by OS (N K B) 25 September 1970
Surveyed at 1:10560 Visited by OS (N K B) 1 May 1968
(NH 1494 9009) The site is an IA stone fortlet, of semibroch type and probably a prototype broch; it is only second of its class to be excavated. Radiocarbon dates show that it was built in 3rd or 2nd centuries b.c. and this early date is supported also by artefacts. The mainly aceramic material culture shows strong links with southern Scotland but fort itself is Hebridean, as are three early potsherds found. The wall has an upper and lower intra-mural gallery and seems originally to have contained a roofed round-house with an oval of wooden posts and a central hearth. Later wall was partly demolished and IA occupation continued for a while. After a period of abandonment there was some Medieval use of wall gallery and sheep dippers worked in ruined fort in recent times.
E W MacKie, GAJ vol.7, 1980
Field sketch of dun - see Assoc. Docs. File.
J Aitken : 18/12/00.
Thumbnail photo of Dun an Ruigh Ruadh
Wester Ross Project - Cathy Dagg, 02/04
The site was visited and photographed by Andrew Puls of the Highland Council on the 24th of April 2008. <1>
AOC Archaeology were commissoned by the Forestry Commission Scotland to survey the broch in 2015. Although not on the National Forest Estate, it was selected in order to advance the methodology of survey and visualisation and to provide images for a national archaeology strategy document. Work included topographic survey and high resolution photography and laser scanning of the whole structure to allow for the production of 3D imagery. <1>
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13598.
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG15031.
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG15032.
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG15038.
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG15039.
Dun an Ruigh Ruadh (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG15040.
Rhiroy Broch (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13497.
Rhiroy Broch (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13498.
Rhiroy Broch (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13499.
Rhiroy Broch (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG13500.
Calder and Steer, C S T and K A, 1951, 'Dun Lagaidh and four other prehistoric monuments near Ullapool, Ross and Cromarty', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 83 1948-9, p.68-76, 72-4; plan 73, plate xvi (Text/Publication/Article). SHG667.
Feachem, R W, 1963, A guide to prehistoric Scotland, 169-70 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2187.
MacKie, E W, 1968, 'Lochbroom, Dun An Ruigh Ruaidh', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1968, p.42, 42 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1073.
MacKie, E W, 1969, 'Dun Lagaidh', Curr Archaeol Vol. 2 Jan 1969, p.8-13, 12-13; plan 12, illust 13 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG668.
MacKie, E W, 1969, 'Lochbroom, Dun An Ruigh Ruaidh, semibroch', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1969, p.44-5, 44-5 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1074.
MacKie, E W, 1980, 'Dun an Ruigh Ruaidh, Loch Broom, Ross & Cromarty: excavations in 1968 and 1978', Glasgow Archaeol J Vol. 7 1980, p.32-79, 32-79 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG660.
Close-Brooks, J, 1986, Exploring Scotland's Heritage: The Highlands, 149, No. 79 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2053.
Armit, I, 1992, 'The Atlantic Scottish Iron Age: five levels of chronology', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 121 1991, p.181-214, 209; illus 3 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1616.
<1> Puls, A, 2008, Photographic record of Dun an Ruigh Ruadh, Loch Broom (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG26248.
<1> AOC Archaeology Group, 2015, Dun and Ruigh Ruadh: Broch: Archaeological Survey, June 2015 (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG26933.
Related Monument/Building records - none
|EHG4715||Archaeological surveys - Dun an Ruigh Ruadh, Lochbroom|
|EHG4835||Excavation - Dun an Ruigh Ruaidh, Loch Broom|
Related documents/files/web pages