|Type of record:||Battlefield|
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|Grid Reference:||NH 73741 45241|
|Civil Parish:||DAVIOT AND DUNLICHITY|
|Protected Status:||Scheduled Monument 967: Culloden Battlefield, Graves of the Clans, Cairn and Well of the Dead; Historic Battlefield (Inventory) Culloden: Culloden, 16 April 1746|
- Historic Environment Record: MHG3047
- NMRS NUMLINK Reference: 14201
- NMRS Record Details: NH74NW17.0 CULLODEN MOOR, BATTLEFIELD
- Old SMR Reference Number: NH74NW0017
Desc of battlefield based on local memory etc: Inverness FC, 1902, Vol V p351 - HAW 9.2002
Lockplate flintlock pistol found at Culloden Battlefield, exact location unknown. Information supplied by Inverness Museum, 21/03/02. See assoc. docs. File.
J Aitken : 23/05/02.
NH74NW 17.00 centred 742 450
NH74NW 17.01 7497 4526 Cumberland's Stone
NH74NW 17.02 7437 4502 Grave of the English
NH74NW 17.03 7425 4499 Graves of the Clans
Extends onto map sheet NH74SW:
For Culloden Moor, King's Stable Cottage (NH 7333 4484), see NH74SW 1.
For Culloden Moor, Prince Charlie's Stone (NH 7376 4438), see NH74SW 2.
For Culloden Moor, Well of the Dead (NH 7431 4497), see NH74SW 20.
For Culloden Moor, Old Leanach Farmhouse (NH 7450 4499), see NH74SW 21.
For Culloden Moor, Jacobite Memorial Cairn (NH 7417 4498), see NH74SW 30.
(Name: NH 742 450) Site of the Battle of Culloden (NAT) 16th April 1746 (NAT)
OS 6" map, (1968)
The Battle of Culloden took place on 16th April 1746 between about 4500 men under Charles Edward Stuart and a Hanoverian force of 9000 led by Duke of Cumberland. The battle positions were as shown on plan and result was an overwhelming victory for Hanoverians. A modern memorial cairn bearing an appropriate inscription has been erected at a spot where there was intense fighting. The associated memorials etc, noted on NH74NW 17.1 - 17.5 and ground on which they stand are owned by the NTS.
M Brander 1975; R Prentice 1976.
NH 741 447. NTS have worked steadily on the restoration of Culloden battlefield towards how it would have looked at the time of battle. After an analysis of contemporary plans of battlefield, an attempt was made to locate a small polygonal enclosure in which the English dead are said to have been buried, and to assess whether any of surviving enclosures could date from time of battle. All of current drystone enclosures seem to date from around 1845, but to some extent follow approx lines of larger enclosure shown on plans of 1746. As anticipated, no trace of turf dyke could be found. However. A geophysical survey of field is now planned. In hope of locating English graves and from there surmising position of turf dyke: the polygonal parish boundary. Which seems to mimic the dyke, should provide supporting evidence if the geophysical survey is successful.
Sponsor: NTS Turner 1994h.
NH 745 450 and NH 740 448 Resistance and gradiometer surveys were conducted on two discrete areas of battlefield: area around Old Leanach and an area in extreme W of land owned by NTS. Project was instigated after cartographic research, and had 3 main aims: to establish presence of remains of other structures around extant building at Old Leanach; to locate remains, if any, of a pentangular turf-built enclosure at W of the battlefield; and to identify the position of the reputed 'grave of the English dead'.
Survey around Old Leanach successfully identified 2 regions of high resistance of similar surface area to extant building which probably reflect footings of associated buildings.
The larger survey to W identified nothing of any great antiquity, save for a very faint anomaly noted on gradiometer survey. This anomaly had a magnitude little greater than the background, and would be very difficult to view as significant, if it were not aligned on a similar orientation to the cartographic evidence for the turf dyke. Only excavation could confirm this interpretation.
T Neighbour 1995.
This battlefield was added to Historic Scotland's new Inventory of Historic Battlefields in April 2011. <1>
Sources and further reading
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: Brander, M. 1975. Scottish and Border Battles and Ballads. 215-17; plan. |
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: Culloden Moor. 1962. Culloden Moor and Clava circles. . |
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: Inverness Courier. 1932. Inverness Courier guide to Inverness and Culloden Moor...: the official guide for 1932 of the Inverness Advertising Board. . |
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: Inverness Courier. 1939. Inverness, Culloden Moor and Clava circles: the official guide of the Inverness Courier. . |
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: National Trust for Scotland, The. [n.d.]. The Battle of Culloden 1746: pictorial reconstruction of the battlefield together with a short account of the action and some details of the two armies involved.... . |
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: Prebble, J. 1967. Culloden. (map p. 63). |
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: Prentice, R. 1976. The National Trust for Scotland guide. 151-3; illust.. |
|---||Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1979. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of North-east Inverness, Inverness District, Highland Region. . 30, No. 242. |
|---||Text/Publication/Volume: Taylor, I C. 1966. Culloden: a guidebook to the battlefield with the story of the battle, the events leading to it and the aftermath. 2nd ed.. . |
|---||Text/Publication/Article: Turner, R. 1994. 'Culloden battlefield (Daviot & Dunlichity and Croy & Dalcross parish): 18th-19th-century dykes', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1994, p.35. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 35. 35. |
|---||Text/Publication/Article: Neighbour, T. 1995. 'Culloden Battlefield (Inverness & Bona; Daviot & Dunlichty parishes), geophysical surveys', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1995, p.39. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 39. 39. |
|<1>||Text/Designation Notification/Inventory of HBs: Historic Scotland. 2011. Inventory of Historic Battlefields: Culloden. . |
|<1>||Image/Photograph(s): Various. 2011. Photographs of sites in the Culloden area submitted by Culloden WEA Class. Colour. Yes. Digital. Site 1. |
Related Monument/Building records
|MHG2985||Parent of: Farmstead, Old Leanach, Culloden (Building)|
|MHG54910||Parent of: Findspot of musket balls, Culloden Battlefield (Find Spot)|
Related Investigations - none
Related documents/files/web pages