MHG5418 - Bog Butter Burial and Bronze Cauldron - Kyleakin
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 550 BC to 560 AD)
- None recorded
'keg of butter.. hollowed out from one block, 14 x 13in., without bottom, found in moss at Kyleakin, Skye - Purchased 1884'.
In 1884 a bronze cauldron was found in close juxtaposition with kegs of butter in a peat moss at a depth of 7 1/2 ft near Kyleakin. It measured 18 ins in diameter and was much patched: the rim and handles are missing. (J Anderson 1885)
Classified as a cauldron of 'Battersea' type of the early 1st cent AD and in view of its association with the kegs of bog-butter suggested as a likely votive deposit. (S Piggott 1955)
Further observations and comparisons with a keg discovered subsequently at Kilmaluag (See NG47SW 9) (J Ritchie 1941) Cauldron and keg now in NMAS.
Visited by OS (A C) 9 November 1960.
No further information.
Visited by OS (R L) 14 September 1971.
NMS ME 167/SHC 2. Two-piece carved keg of Alnus sp., found filled with bog butter. The base and sides were pinned together and the lid was missing. 220 +/- 35 ad (UB-3186).
C Earwood 1993.
Before 1885 a bronze cauldron of globular form and 'Battersea' type, and 'several kegs or small barrels' of bog butter were found 'in close juxtaposition' during peat-digging near Kyleakin, and at a depth of 7'6" (2.3m). The various discoveries were not recorded in detail and need not have been associated. The cauldron and one of the small kegs were transferred to the museum of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (now the Royal Museum of Scotland) where the latter artifact is stored under accession number NMS SHC 2.
This keg was recorded as being hollowed in the shape of a barrel from a single piece of wood. It measured 1'2" (0.4m) in height by up to 1'1" (0.3m) in diameter, making the capacity about 28 litres. Two 'slight projections' or external lugs were noted with holes burnt through them. Both the lid and the base had rested on prepared ledges, and were missing when the discovery was recorded. The timber has been identified as alder and a radiocarbon determination of 220 ? 35 ad (UB-3186) has been obtained from the contents, which may be calibrated to between about 260 and 329 cal AD.
The object was seen in the course of conservation at the Royal Museum of Scotland . It has suffered from extensive splitting and has been reinforced (since discovery) with iron wire around the surviving fill of butter. Neither base nor lid survives but there are the remains of a retaining dowel around the foot and the prominent groove that forms the neck has possibly been intended to hold a retaining string. No evidence of protruding lugs can be identified but two holes which have possibly been burnt through slight projections on each side may have served to retain strings.
Anderson 1885, 309-11; Ritchie 1941, 15, 16, 20-1; Macgregor 1976, 2, no. 306; Earwood 1991, 233, 235, 236, 237; Earwood 1993a, 13, 14, 109-11, 278; R J C Mowat 1996, visited November 1994.
Radiocarbon date (UB-3186) cited as 225-401 AD.
Acc. Nos. of cauldron and keg in NMS: DU 5 and SHC 2. <1>
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Anderson, J. 1885. 'Notice of a bronze caldron found with several kegs of butter in a moss near Kyleakin, in Skye; with notes of other caldrons of bronze found in Scotland', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 19 1884-5, p.309-15. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 309-15. 309-11.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Piggott, S. 1955. 'Three metalwork hoards of the Roman period from southern Scotland', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 87 1952-3, p.1-50. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 1-50. 1-50.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Earwood, C. 1992. 'Two Early Historic bog butter containers', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 121 1991, p.231-40. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 231-40. 233, 235, 236, 237, 239.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Earwood, C. 1993. Domestic wooden artefacts in Britain and Ireland from Neolithic to Viking times. 13, 14, 109-11, 278.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Macgregor, M. 1976. Early Celtic art in north Britain: a study of decorative metalwork from the third century B.C. to the third century A.D.. vol. 2, 151, 170, no. 306; pl. XVc.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: NMAS. 1892. Catalogue of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland. 158, 326.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Ritchie, J. 1941. 'A keg of "bog-butter" from Skye and its contents', Proc Soc Antiq Scot, Vol 75 (1940-41), p 5-22. p 15, 16, 20-1.
- <1> Dataset/Database File: National Museums of Scotland. 2019. Highland Finds from the NMS Catalogue. National Museums of Scotland. Digital. X.DU 5 and X.SHC 2.
|Grid reference||Centred NG 7500 2600 (4m by 4m) (Buffered by site type)|
|Geographical Area||SKYE AND LOCHALSH|
- KEG (Iron Age - 550 BC to 560 AD)
- BOG BUTTER (Iron Age - 550 BC to 560 AD)
- CAULDRON (Iron Age - 550 BC to 560 AD)
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (1)
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/11666 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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