MHG11638 - Earl's Cross; Dornoch
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- CROSS (Medieval - 1058 AD to 1559 AD)
(NH 8044 9040) Earl's Cross (NR) OS 6" map, (1960)
Thane's or Earl's Cross, is stated to have been erected as a memorial of battle of Embo, fought about year 1245, in which William first Earl of Sutherland defeated the Scandinavians but it belongs to a much later date. It is a tall shaft, expanded at the head, whereon rests a triangle of stone, perforated in the centre, a fragment of the original crosshead, which was circular and had arms expanding to the margin, with perforations between them. The cross is 7' 3.5" high. The edges of the shaft are chamfered, and at 4'1" above the ground is a projecting band, 10" deep, relieved on the E and W faces with a shield, that on the E charged with three stars of five points (two and one) for the Earl of Sutherland, that on the W indecipherable, but stated by Cordiner to have borne 'the armorial ensigns of Caithness'. The breadth of the shaft is 1'6", its thickness 8 1/2". The cross faces E and W. It is now enclosed within an iron railing.
C Cordiner 1780; 1788; Orig Paroch Scot 1855; R Pococke 1887; RCAHMS 1911, visited 1909.
Earl's Cross as described. Visited by OS (A A) 23 March 1971.
This monument consists of a free-standing stone approx 2.2m high. The head is much eroded and its original form, probably not a cross, is unclear. The head is now oval in shape with a triangular hole through it. Around the shaft runs a broad band with a shield on each side, possibly showing arms of Earls of Sutherland and of Caithness, both now badly eroded. The function of the stone is not clear but it may possibly have commemorated some significant event, have marked boundary of a land holding or have been a cross marking edge of a sanctury.
Info from Historic Scotland, scheduling document 10 June 1998.
NB: NH89SW0010 is the site of the other recorded cross of the pair (now missing) that marked the burial spot of the Norse leader (and other burials)
The cross stands within small fenced enclosure on top of slight knoll. All stone pieces are clamped together with long metal (copper?) clamps. Shields are too worn to identify designs. The cross gives the impression of a large sword, hilt uppermost with blade sunk into ground. See photos - HAW 11/2002
Cordiner, C, 1780, Antiquities and scenery of the north of Scotland, in a series of letters to Thomas Pennant, Esq., 70 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2061.
Cordiner, C, 1788, Remarkable Ruins, and Romantic Prospects, of North Britain, ii; illust. (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2060.
OPS, 1855, Origines parochiales Scotiae: the antiquities ecclesiastical and territorial of the parishes of Scotland, 647 (Text/Publication/Monograph). SHG342.
Kemp, D W (ed.), 1887, Tours in Scotland 1747, 1750, 1760, 167 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2624.
RCAHMS, 1911, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Second report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Sutherland, 50-1, No. 146 (Text/Report). SHG2657.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Cordiner, C. 1788. Remarkable Ruins, and Romantic Prospects, of North Britain. ii; illust..
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Cordiner, C. 1780. Antiquities and scenery of the north of Scotland, in a series of letters to Thomas Pennant, Esq.. 70.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Kemp, D W (ed.). 1887. Tours in Scotland 1747, 1750, 1760. 167.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Second report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Sutherland. . 50-1, No. 146.
- --- Text/Publication/Monograph: OPS. 1855. Origines parochiales Scotiae: the antiquities ecclesiastical and territorial of the parishes of Scotland. 2/2. 647.
|Grid reference||Centred NH 8044 9040 (10m by 10m) (Buffered by site type)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (3)
- http://data.historic-scotland.gov.uk/pls/htmldb/f?p=2300:35:1177880253467667::::P35_SELECTED_MONUMENT:7672 (Historic Scotland scheduled monument description (old hyperlink))
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM7672 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/15368 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
Comments and Feedback
Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.