MHG1496 - Possible Broch, Castlehill
Possible remains of Iron Age broch. The current condition of the monument makes classification difficult.
Type and Period (1)
- BROCH (Iron Age - 550 BC to 560 AD)
Broch lies on high point adjacent to coast path which it abuts. Ploughing up to circumference, overgrown with weeds on top. Gate post to W along the coast lane may be a reused lintel or similar . Photos- HAW 7/2003
The mound, probably remains of a broch, is as described by the previous field investigator.
Visited by OS (J B) 2 November 1981.
Broch (NR) (remains of) Viking Burial found AD 1786 (NAT) OS 6" map, (1970)
This artificial, grass-covered, conical mound, which measures 19m E-W by 13m transversely and 2.7m high, contains many protruding stone slabs and has been mutilated on N side by construction of a wall and track and by ploughing along S side. It may have been a broch but its present condition makes classification difficult.
Resurveyed at 1:2500. Visited by OS (N K B) 16 February 1965.
This grassy mound, which contains ruins of a broch, has been robbed to some extent from S. The remaining portion is some 54ft diameter and 7ft high.
A skeleton, accompanied by a pair of 10th century (Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum 1951) Norse tortoise or oval brooches, a jet armlet 3ins in diameter, and a bone pin 8cm long, was found September 1786 on top of this mound, buried under a flat stone with very little earth above it. One of the brooches is in the National Museum of Copenhagen, while the other relics are in NMAS (Acc Nos: IL 222, FN 2 & FN 3 respectively). RCAHMS 1911; J Anderson 1874; 1878; Archaeol Scot 1831; NMAS 1892; S Grieg 1940; Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum 1951.
ND16 1 CASTLEHILL ND/1936 6876
Possible broch in Olrig, Caithness, consisting of a grassy mound with many protruding stone slabs; it has been robbed on the south. A Norse burial was found on top of the mound in 1786, with two 10th century brooches, a jet armlet and a bone pin (7.6cm long) [2, 3 and 5].
Sources: 1. NMRS site no. ND 16 NE 11: 2. Anderson 1874, 549-50: 3. Anderson 1878, 329-30: 4. RCAHMS 1911b, 87, no. 320: 5. Greig 1940, 2, 23-4: 6. Mercer 1981, 156, no. 530: 7. Anderson 1890, 184. <1>
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Archaeol Scot. 1831. 'List of donations presented to the Society of the Antiquaries of Scotland, 1784-1830', Archaeol Scot Vol. 3 1831, p.31-148. Archaeol Scot. 31-148. 61.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Anderson, J. 1875. 'Notes on the relics of the Viking period of the Northmen in Scotland, illustrated by specimens in the museum', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 10 1872-4, p.536-94. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 536-94. 549-50; illust.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Anderson, J. 1878. 'Notes on the structure, distribution, and contents of the Brochs, with special reference to the question of their Celtic or Norwegian origin', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 12 1876-8, p.314-55. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 314-55. 329-30.
- --- Image/Photograph(s): Castletown Brooch.. Colour Slide; Digital Image. .
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Close-Brooks, J. 1986. Exploring Scotland's Heritage: The Highlands. 217, 218.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Glasgow Art Gallery and Museum. 1951. Scotland's ancient treasures: from the National Museum of Antiquities, exhibited in Kelvingrove Museum, Glasgow, 1st June to 19th August, 1951.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Grieg, S. 1940. Viking antiquities in Scotland. 23-4; illust.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness. . 87, No. 320.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: 1875. 'Tortoise or Bowl-shaped Brooches.', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 10 1874, p.549-51. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 549-51. 549-51.
- <1> Text/Publication/Monograph: Mackie, E.. 2007. The Roundhouses, Brochs and Wheelhouses of Atlantic Scotland c.700 BC - AD 500: Architecture and material culture Part 2 (I & II) The Northern and Southern Mainland and the Western Islands. BAR British Series. 444. Paperback. ND16 1 CASTLEHILL.
|Grid reference||Centred ND 1937 6876 (22m by 19m)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (2)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM2189 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/8383 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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