MHG1783 - Chambered Long Cairn, Gallow Hill
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- CHAMBERED LONG CAIRN (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
Gallow Hill (NAT) Long Cairn (NR) OS 6" map, (1970)
V large and relatively undisturbed long cairn measuring about 223ft long excluding the short, stubby horns which protrude from the SSE. In profile the monument is divided into three segments by transverse hollows indicating a multi-period construction. At the SSE end there is a steep-sided circular mound measuring about 90ft in diameter. It stands about 10ft high with a flat top about 45ft in diameter. The horns are low and are visible only as a slight rise in surface of field. Could be interpreted as a heel-shaped cairn.
Centre mound appears to have slightly concave sides and is square rather than round. It is 4-5ft high linked to other mounds by cairn material about 2ft deep.
NW cairn, about 4ft high, appears to be circular. Edges of monument are fairly clear. On W side edge forms a fairly regular curve, but on E side it is less regular and in particular there appears to be a bulge at SE corner of centre cairn.
The three elements are intact so there is no indication of nature of interior structures; but there is some evidence from outside Scotland that small detatched chambers might be built in a row; and on an extension of the axis of this cairn, and only 75ft away, there is a small cairn (ND16SE 19) with the chamber aligned at right angles to the main axis.
A S Henshall 1963; 1972.
A horned long cairn as described.
Re-surveyed at 1:2500 Visited by OS (R D) 10 November 1965.
No change. Visited by OS (J M) 29 October 1981
Horned long cairn. Length: 82m. Trapezoidal long cairn formed by conjunction of two round cairns. Main round cairn orig measured 30 x 28m, the tail cairn 15 x 12m joined by a long cairn measuring 14 x 12m. NE horn is 6m long, NW horn 3.5m long, 17m apart.
R J Mercer, NMRS MS/828/19, 1995
- --- SHG2115 Text/Publication/Volume: Davidson, JL and Henshall, A S. 1991. The chambered cairns of Caithness: an inventory of the structures and their contents. 113-14, no. 25; plan.
- --- SHG2664 Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness. . 120-1, no. 439.
- --- SHG357 Text/Publication/Monograph: Henshall, A S. 1963. The chambered tombs of Scotland, Volume 1. 271, CAT 25.
- --- SHG358 Text/Publication/Monograph: Henshall, A S. 1972. The chambered tombs of Scotland, Volume 2. 2. Paper (Original). 64, 224, 240, 548-9, CAT 25; plans.
- --- SHG3710 Image/Photograph(s): B/W Negative. .
- --- SHG3711 Image/Photograph(s): B/W Negative. .
- --- SHG3765 Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph: B/W Negative. .
|Grid reference||Centred ND 1531 6157 (65m by 88m)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (2)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM483 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/8514 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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