MHG25214 - Monastic settlement, Rosemarkie, Church Place
The modern church of Rosemarkie stands on a site whose Christian history probably dates back to a foundation of St. Moluag, who died in 592, and is said to be buried here.
Type and Period (1)
- MONASTIC SETTLEMENT (Early Medieval to 19th Century - 561 AD to 1900 AD)
- None recorded
NH75NW 7 7372 5763.
(NH 7372 5763) Ch. (NAT) OS 6" map, (1959)
Sculptured Stone (NAT) OS 25" map, Ross-shire, (1906)
The modern church of Rosemarkie stands on a site whose Christian history probably dates back to a foundation of St. Moluag, who died in 592, and is said to be buried here. Moluag's monastery was taken over, possibly in 716, by St. Boniface or Curitan, as a Culdie community. He dedicated church to St. Peter, but it also became known as St. Boniface's.
The Culdie community is thought to have been converted to a Chapter, with abbot or prior as Bishop, by David I (1124-53). The first mention of the Bishop of Rosemarkie is in 1126, and, according to Pullan, Rosemarkie church was still known as the 'Kyrk-Cathedral' in 1338, although the new cathedral at Fortrose (NH75NW 1) is thought to have been founded about 1235.
The present church was built in 1821. Its predecessor was repaired in 1735 when 'some stone coffins of rude workmanship' were found in a vault.
A Class II cross slab (see MHG8831), probably dating from about the 9th century, was found in the floor of the church. (Rosemarkie No. 1) It stands 8' 6" high, and is preserved in the churchyard close to the church.
Four Class III fragments have also been found in churchyard. One of these (Fig 83) (No.2) lies on the grave of Donald Bain. The others are in NMAS. Rosemarkie No 3- NMAS 127 No 5?-NMAS 1B 120 No 4 - NMAS 1B 119 A J Beaton 1855; D MacGibbon and T Ross 1896-7; N Macrae 1923; L Pullan 1927; A M Philip 1904; J R Allen and J Anderson 1903; R W Feachem 1963.
The church and class II cross-slab, the latter supported in an iron framework close to the west porch, are as described by previous authorities. There is no trace of the class III fragment in the still-used graveyard: Mr Fraser (A S Fraser, Clifton, Rosemarkie) believes it was removed.
Visited by OS (N K B) 16 March 1966.
The cross-slab was removed from near the door of the church several years ago, to be repaired It is now in Groam House Museum, Rosemarkie. RCAHMS 1979; Information from Miss F Bassindale, 2 May Court, Inverness.
See Rosemarkie, High St, Groam House Museum, NH75NW 21
Class II symbol stone bearing a cross on the face.On the reverse are three wide crescents and V-rods with a wide double-disc and Z-rod,containing a comb, between the second and third. Below these symbols are two small mirrors.
A.Mack 1997 p.116
1818-21, on site of medieval church rebuilt 1734 (Presbytery records in SRO)
ARCHITECTS: Alexander Ross (I.C. 13 Jan 1876) Alterations
John Robertson (I.C. 23 Mar 1894) Alterations, incl. new pulpit
BELL: in tower; height 0.45m incl. 0.11m canons, diam at mouth 0.43m. Inscription incised except for date (?added to bell bought from stock):
(in frieze) CAST FOR THE CHURCH OF ROSEMARKY ANNO 1753 /THIS v BELL v WAS v PURCHASED v BY MR IOHN WOOD MINISTER / TOWN v AND v PARISHES
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Philip, A M. 1904. 'The cathedral kirk of Ross', Trans Scot Eccles Soc Vol. 1 1903-4, p.91-102. Trans Scot Eccles Soc. 91-102. 91-102.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Allen and Anderson, J R and J. 1903. The early Christian monuments of Scotland: a classified illustrated descriptive list of the monuments with an analysis of their symbolism and ornamentation. pt. 3, 55.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Beaton, A J. 1885. Illustrated guide to Fortrose and vicinity with an appendix on the antiquities of the Black Isle. 400-5.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Close-Brooks, J. 1986. Exploring Scotland's Heritage: The Highlands. 150, No. 80.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Cowan and Easson, I B and D E. 1976. Medieval religious houses, Scotland: with an appendix on the houses in the Isle of Man. 2nd ed.. 199.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Feachem, R W. 1963. A Guide to Prehistoric Scotland. 1st. 149-50.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: MacGibbon and Ross, D and T. 1896-7. The ecclesiastical architecture of Scotland from the earliest Christian times to the seventeenth century. Vol. 3, 557-9; Fig. 1531-2.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Mack, A. 1997. Field guide to the Pictish symbol stones. 141.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: MacKie, E W. 1975. Scotland: an archaeological guide: from the earliest times to the twelfth century. 221.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: MacRae, N. 1923. The romance of a royal burgh: Dingwall's story of a thousand years. 290.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Pullan, L. 1927. The banner of St. Boniface. 8.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness. . 18, No. 46.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Ritchie, J N G. 1985. Pictish symbol stones: a handlist 1985. 14.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Sutherland, E. 1984. Rosemarkie Sculptured Stones.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Henderson, I. 1978. Sculpture north of the Forth after the takeover by the Scots. 47-73. 49-52.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Henderson, I. 1983. Pictish vine-scroll ornament. SHG23447. 243-68. 243, No. 4.
- --- Text/Publication/Monograph: Stuart, J. 1856. Sculptured stones of Scotland. 1. 12; pl. 35.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Cowan, I B. 1967. The parishes of medieval Scotland. 32.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Macdonald and Laing, A D S and L R. 1973. 'Early ecclesiastical sites in Scotland: a field survey, part II', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 102 1969-70, p.129-45. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 129-45. 134.
|Grid reference||Centred NH 7372 5763 (100m by 100m) (Buffered by site type)|
|Geographical Area||ROSS AND CROMARTY|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (1)
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/14392 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
Comments and Feedback
Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.