MHG2903 - Croy Hoard


No summary available.

Type and Period (1)

  • FINDSPOT (Late C9 AD, Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

Centred 7950 4936.

The Croy hoard was discovered in two parts:
Part One was found within a square yard by a girl planting potato drills in the spring of 1875 and was brought to the NMAS in May, 1875. It consists of a silver penannular brooch, dated by R A Smith (A O Curle 1939) to circa 820 AD.; part of a band of knitted silver wire; a silver penny of Coenwulf, King of Mercia AD 796-821; by the moneyer Eanmund; two glass and two amber beads and part of a bronze balance beam, which may possibly be dated to the 8th century (Megaw 1940). At least one other coin and a few more beads were found but were lost by the original finder.
Part two was found by Mr James Shearer, Mains of Croy, in 1875 or 1876 and consisted of a portion of one, and almost half of another, silver penannular brooch; one amber and two glass beads; and a coin originally thought also to be of Coenwolf but re-attributed, quite definitely, by C E Blunt to Athelwulf, King of Wessex AD. 839-858, and is by the moneyer Deineah.
Both parts of the hoard are in NMAS.
The find-spot is about half a mile from Croy Ph Church, on Mains of Croy farm, near the road from Croy (NH 79 49) to Dalcross Castle (NH 77 48) on the summit of a low gravelly ridge, in a field first cultivated circa 1864 AD.
T Fraser and J Anderson 1876; J Anderson 1881; A Ross 1886; A O Curle 1939; C E Blunt 1952; B R S Megaw 1940.

According to Miss Cameron (Moss Cottage, Croy, Inverness-shire) the Croy Hoard was found in the field of Clach na Sanais (NH74NE 11) many years ago. At the time of the find the Laird of Cantray had a replica made of of the silver penannular brooch, which he presented to his daughter on her wedding day. Miss Cameron asserts that there used to be a low gravelly ridge in this field, which is now pasture, and also at the bottom of the field there is a swampy area known as the Moss of Croy, in which another silver brooch of identical pattern and shape as the previous penannular brooch was found "many years ago" by a man digging peat (Information from Mrs MacLennan, Roy Cottage, Croy, Inverness-shire). (There may be some confusion about this last statement by Mrs MacLennan - Miss Cameron being the more reliable authority)
Visited by OS (R B) 21 August 1964.

The hoard is in the collections of the National Museums of Scotland (Acc. Nos.: FC 12-25).

The hoard was photographed when on loan and on display at IMAG for the ARCH Ardersier and Hilton Local Heritage Project. <1>

See also <2>

Sources/Archives (14)



Grid reference Centred NH 7949 4930 (4m by 4m) (2 map features)
Map sheet NH74NE
Geographical Area INVERNESS

Finds (7)

  • PENANNULAR BROOCH (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)
  • WIRE (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)
  • COIN (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)
  • BEAD (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)
  • BEAD (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)
  • COIN (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)
  • BALANCE (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Investigations/Events (0)

External Links (2)

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