MHG31412 - Graveyard - Old Parish Church, Clynekirkton
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- CEMETERY (Early Medieval to 19th Century - 561 AD to 1900 AD)
The remains of the parish church of Clyne, built in 1770, enlarged in 1827, and abandoned in 1922. It was formerly T-plan but the N aisle has been removed. Of rubble, partly harled, the church is now (Information from HBD list) roofless and gutted. It stands on the site of its predecessor which was dedicated to an unknown saint, Aloyne, whose fair was still held in the early 17th century. This may have been the church which is on record between 1223 and 1245, and was repaired by Sir Robert Gordon between 1625 and 1626. According to Bain (1899) there was an early chapel at the 'Kille of Clyne', presumably this site, and that would explain finding of early sculptured stones in the area. These include the head of a rectangular cross-slab, (NC80NE 17.3) with rounded top, of purple sandstone, which was found in 1877 built into the E gable of the church. It is 1ft high, 1ft 1ins wide and 3 1/2ins thick and bears a cross in relief on one side with square terminals and square-stepped 'armpits', decorated with spirals. The background shows key-pattern. A Class I symbol stone, (NC80NE 17.1) located only to Clynekirkton, was found in 1855. It is of red sandstone and measures 4ft 3ins long, 1ft 11ins wide at the top, 1ft 7ins at the base and is 4 1/2ins thick. It bears on one face the crescent and V-rod and rectangular symbols, both patterned. Another Class I symbol stone was found in the churchyard in 1868, but is said to have been taken from the 300ft terrace at Clynemilton Farm (NC 915 068). It is approximately rectangular, 4ft by 1ft 5ins by 2 1/2ins thick, and bears the crescent and V-rod, rectangular and mirror symbols. (NC 80 NE17.2) All three stones are in Dunrobin Museum (Acc Nos: 1877.1, 1855.1, and 1869.8 respectively).
R Gordon 1813; J Stuart 1856; Name Book 1872; A Mackay 1894; R Bain 1899; J Anderson and J R Allen 1903; RCAHMS 1911; G Hay 1957; Information contain in TS of Catalogue of Dunrobin Museum by A S Henshall.
The Garlat or Garlet Road is the hill track from Clynekirkton to Oldtown. In it's first mile it climbs along the rough steep slope of Socach, behind the crofts of West Clyne; and this fact leads to the supposition that the original Gaelic was Garbh Leathad, Rough Slope. Local pronunciation would be Garruh Let. A very similar sounding word is gearraidh (pronunced garry nearly) which means, according to Bain, outland beyond township ploughed land; which is what this long slope would have been. Cregan a' Chorp which may be translated body stone, is a boulder beside this track, which used to be a resting place for funerals on their way out of Strathbrora to Clynekirkton graveyard.
Newspaper article, The Northern Times, 1957.
See assoc. docs. File.
J Aitken : 15/05/02.
The church is de-roofed and only the nave and vestry stand.
Visited by OS (W D J) 1 July 1960.
There is no evidence of the original church on the site. The three sculptured stones are still in Dunrobin Museum.
Visited by OS (J B) 24 November 1975.
The old parish church and burial ground were listed at Category B in 1979.
Two class I symbol stones showing:
Clynekirkton 1 : a crescent and V-rod over a rectangle
Clynekirkton 2 : remains of a rectangle above a crescent and V-rod over part of a mirror. <1>
A survey of the monumental inscriptions was published in 1999. <2>
See assoc. docs. File (P.W.Gledhill's Report, Clyne Heritage Society)
J Aitken: 18/03/02.
Clynekirkton Project (Stage 1): Removing intrusive and damaging vegetation (mostly ivy) from the graveyard and around the bell tower. Watch House located at W end of graveyard on 23/03/02. A window built into the graveyard wall was used to watch over new burials for three days after the funerals. The watch house comprises a small structure built onto the manse side of the graveyard wall with a chimney still seen over the wall, the stonework now completely covered in thick ivy. The window is now blocked up and the iron hook for the shutters is still in place. <3>
Entry in the Schedule of Monuments - Scheduling date, 13/02/03
See assocs. Docs. File. Historic Scotland, 25/02/03
J Aitken : 03/03/03
It has been noted that work to renew a water pipeline in the Achrimsdale area has encroached within the curtilage of the church scheduled area. This information has been passed to the Monuments Warden, Historic Scotland.
See Hlink photographs taken 19/05/04
J Aitken : 18/05/04
It was proposed that the old church and burial ground be removed from the statutory list in September 2016 as part of a Historic Environment Scotland project looking at dual designations of sites in the Highlands, though they would remain part of the scheduled monument. <4>
The old church and burial ground were removed from the statutory list by Historic Environment Scotland on 22/09/2016. <5>
Clynekirkton Church, graveyard and bell-tower. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG18295.
Name Book (County), Object Name Books of the Ordnance Survey, Book No. 2, 3 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG3350.
Weber, H (ed), 1813, Genealogical history of the Earldom of Sutherland by Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, 7, 39 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2273.
Stuart, J, 1856, Sculptured stones of Scotland, Vol. 1; illust (Text/Publication/Monograph). SHG350.
Mackay, J, 1894, 'Sutherland place names', Trans Gaelic Soc Inverness Vol. 18 1891-2, p.183-208, 325-40, 333-4 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1593.
Bain, R, 1899, History of the ancient province of Ross, 55-6 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG1941.
Allen and Anderson, J R and J, 1903, The early Christian monuments of Scotland: a classified illustrated descriptive list of the monuments with an analysis of their symbolism and ornamentation, pt. 3, 38-40, 50-1; illust (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG1883.
RCAHMS, 1911, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Second report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Sutherland, 100, No 293 (Text/Report). SHG2657.
Hay, G, 1957, The architecture of Scottish post-Reformation churches, 1560-1843, 173, 276 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2307.
Jackson, L., 2016, Notification of de-listing of ecclesiastical sites: Dual Designations Project (Text/Designation Notification/List of Buildings). SHG27480.
<1> Mack, A, 1997, Field guide to the Pictish symbol stones, 122 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2456.
<2> A.S.Cowper & I.Ross, 1999, Sutherland Monumental Inscriptions, pre 1855 (Text/Publication/Monograph). SHG1858.
<3> Aitken, J. & Lindsay, N., 2002?, The Clynekirkton Project: Regeneration of a Local Disused Graveyard (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG22088.
<4> Historic Environment Scotland, 2016, Assessment for Dual designations Project: Clynekirkton Old Parish church and Burial Ground (Text/Designation Notification/List of Buildings). SHG27467.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Mackay, J. 1894. 'Sutherland place names', Trans Gaelic Soc Inverness Vol. 18 1891-2, p.183-208, 325-40. Trans Gaelic Soc Inverness. 183-208, 325-40. 333-4.
- --- Image/Photograph(s): Clynekirkton Church, graveyard and bell-tower.. Colour Slide; Digital Image. .
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Allen and Anderson, J R and J. 1903. The early Christian monuments of Scotland: a classified illustrated descriptive list of the monuments with an analysis of their symbolism and ornamentation. pt. 3, 38-40, 50-1; illust.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Bain, R. 1899. History of the ancient province of Ross. 55-6.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Weber, H (ed). 1813. Genealogical history of the Earldom of Sutherland by Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun. 7, 39.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Hay, G. 1957. The architecture of Scottish post-Reformation churches, 1560-1843. 173, 276.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Second report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Sutherland. . 100, No 293.
- --- Text/Designation Notification/List of Buildings: Jackson, L.. 2016. Notification of de-listing of ecclesiastical sites: Dual Designations Project. Historic Environment Scotland. 30/09/2016. Digital.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Name Book (County). Object Name Books of the Ordnance Survey. Book No. 2, 3.
- --- Text/Publication/Monograph: Stuart, J. 1856. Sculptured stones of Scotland. 1. Vol. 1; illust.
- <1> Text/Publication/Volume: Mack, A. 1997. Field guide to the Pictish symbol stones. 122.
- <2> Text/Publication/Monograph: A.S.Cowper & I.Ross. 1999. Sutherland Monumental Inscriptions, pre 1855.
- <3> Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Aitken, J. & Lindsay, N.. 2002?. The Clynekirkton Project: Regeneration of a Local Disused Graveyard. Clyne Heritage Society. 16/02/2004. Paper and Digital.
- <4> Text/Designation Notification/List of Buildings: Historic Environment Scotland. 2016. Assessment for Dual designations Project: Clynekirkton Old Parish church and Burial Ground. Historic Environment Scotland. 30/08/2016. Digital.
|Grid reference||Centred NC 8947 0606 (74m by 42m) (Buffered by site type)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Investigations/Events (1)
External Links (3)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/LB577 (Former online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM10484 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/6459 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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