MHG3673 - Medieval Buildings and Mesolithic Flint Scatter - 13-21 Castle Street, Inverness
Excavation has revealed medieval buildings and a probable mesolithic flint Scatter.
Type and Period (2)
- BUILDING (Medieval - 1058 AD to 1559 AD)
- FLINT SCATTER (Mesolithic - 8000 BC to 4001 BC)
- None recorded
NH64NE 104 6673 4518.
(see also NH64NE 112.01
NH6645 Following the publication of the Scottish Burgh Survey report on Inverness, 7 trial trenches were excavated at strategic points within the medieval burgh:-
Trench 1, on the cleared site of No's 19 and 21 Castle Street.
Trench 2, in the garden of Balnain House, on the north bank of the River Ness.
Trench 3, behind No's 43-47 Church Street.
trench 4, in the drying green immediately behind Dunbar's Hospital, Church Street.
Trench 5, behind the municipal swimming baths.
Trench 6, to the south of Abertarff House, Church Street.
Trench 7, on the cleared site of No 10 Market Street.
Of these only trenches 1, 3 and 6 yielded evidence of medieval activity. Trench 1 comprised up to 2m of stratified deposits, trench 3 contained a number of clay and timber lined pits cut into the natural gravel, whilst trench 6 comprised a small deposit of occupation material, up to 1m in thickness, though very badly affected by post-medieval foundations. <1>
Sponsor : SDD (AM), Inverness District Council
G Farnell, G Ewart 1978
Some 2m of medieval deposit were examined in advance of redevelopment. The material dated from the early 13th century to the middle 15th century and consisted of four properties closely matching contemporary porperty lines. In two phases, one dating to the late 14th century and the other to the early 15th century, all of these properties were destroyed by fire. The fires preserved building materials including wooden sill beams and fragmentary wattle and daub fences. Large quantities of burnt daub were found together with a burnt barrel. Prior to the second burning one property was used for metal work, perhaps lead. Iron working was taking place in the early 13th century. A series of cobbled roads, presumed to be the earlier Castle Streets were found dating from the late 13th century; the earliest buildings extended west beneath them. Pottery showed Inverness to belong to the East Coast tradition, with fragments of York and Scarborough ware. A scatter of mesolithic flints associated with a charcoal spread was found across the site, densest to the north. <1>
Excavation revealed a sequence of medieval settlement from the 13th to the 15th centuries. After an occupation on developed agricultural soil was destroyed by fire in the middle of the 13th century, the site was allowed to decline until the beginning of the 14th century. At this point three properties were laid down on Castle Street, the property boundaries surviving to the present day. The 14th century buildings were made of timber, usually with sillbeam walls on the street front. On two occasions in the 15th century these properties were burnt down; the burning preserving some organic materials. In the middle of the 15th century the frontage was extended westwards over the existing road. No significant deposits survived after the 15th century.
J Wordsworth 1983a
A microlithic flint industry dating to c5000bc was found at 13-24 Castle Street, containing 137 retouched pieces and 4700 otherfragments. No structures were identified. The occupation level in which the flints were found was sealed by a complex soil horizon that included two marine transgressions.
J Wordsworth 1985
A full report on the medieval settlement discovered was published in PSAS in 1982. A separate report was published for the Mesolithic flint assemblage in 1985. <1> <2>
The archive report, finds list and site registers were deposited with Inverness Museum. These are held in the museum's archive files. <2>
The excavation assemblage from the Castle Street excavations are in Inverness Museum under Acc. No. 1984.090. Some of the microliths, other lithics and medieval finds are on display. <3>
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Myers and Gourlay, A B and R B. 1992. 'Muirtown, Inverness: preliminary investigation of a shell midden', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 121 1991, p.17-25. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 17-25. 23-4.
- --- Text/Publication/Serial: Proudfoot, E V W and Parker, A M (eds). 1979. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1979. p 16-17.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Ross, A. 1985. 'Inverness (Inverness & Bona p) 13-21 Castle Street', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1985, p.25. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 25. 25.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Farnell and Ewart, G and G. 1978. 'Inverness Burgh, trial trenches', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1978, p.13. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 13. 13.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Wordsworth, J. 1980. 'Inverness. NH667 453. Mesolithic flints', Proc Prehist Soc Vol. 46 1980, p.363. Proc Prehist Soc. 363. 363.
- <1> Text/Publication/Article: Wordsworth, J.. 1983. Excavation of the settlement at 13-21 Castle Street, Inverness, 1979. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Vol.112. 322-91. Digital (scanned as PDF). 322-91.
- <2> Text/Publication/Article: Wordsworth, J. 1987. The excavation of a mesolithic horizon at 13-24 Castle Street, Inverness. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland Vol.115. 89-103. Digital (scanned as PDF). 89-103, fiche 1: A3-B14.
- <2> Collection: Inverness Museum. 2019. Inverness Museum and Art Gallery Archive Files.
- <3> Collection/Catalogue: Inverness Museum & Art Gallery. Inverness Museum & Art Gallery Accession registers. 1984.090.
|Grid reference||Centred NH 6672 4518 (27m by 32m)|
|Civil Parish||INVERNESS AND BONA|
- ASSEMBLAGE (Medieval - 1058 AD to 1559 AD)
- ASSEMBLAGE (Mesolithic - 8000 BC to 4001 BC)
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (1)
External Links (1)
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/13315 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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