MHG4026 - Eilean Nan Gobhar Fort 1
No summary available.
Type and Period (2)
- FORT (Early Bronze Age to Pictish - 2400 BC? to 900 AD?)
- VITRIFIED STONE (Early Iron Age to Pictish - 550 BC? to 900 AD?)
- None recorded
NM67NE 1 6938 7938.
See also NM67NE 2.
(NM 6938 7938) Vitrified Fort (NR) (Remains of)
OS 6"map, Argyllshire, 2nd ed., (1902)
There are two vitrified forts on Eilean nan Gobhar, a rocky cliff-girt islet.
The larger (see MHG4027 for the other) occupies the summit of the isle and is sub-rectangular on plan, measuring c. 40.0m WNW - ESE by 22.0m transversely, within a heavily vitrified wall which survives on the S. to a maximum height of 2.5m. On the N. approximately 22.0m of the outer wall is visible, suggesting a width of 4.0m to 5.0m. No built masonry survives anywhere else and no entrance can be seen.
In the uneven interior of the fort are three stone-walled huts (A-C) each being a level circular platform surrounded by a rubble wall, spread to c. 20.0m in which no entrance or faces can be seen, and measuring c 8.0m. In diameter between wall centres. A and B have been built against the inner face of the fort wall but whether they are contemporary with the fort or later cannot be established because the remains of the wall are so slight. C is set into a west-facing slope.
About 10.0m outside the fort wall, on the south, are traces of a denuded wall showing intermittent outer facing stones and to the N of the E arc of the fort are traces of similar walling with one piece of vitrification at its N end. Although possibly part of an earlier work,their position, each at the head of a natural gully, the only means of access to the fort, suggests that they are supplementary defences. Each gully, c. 3.0m wide, is blocked by a tumbled wall half-way down the slope. Between the gullies the ground falls to the shore in a series of rocky scarps, near the bases of which all gaps in the rocks have been blocked by rough walling.
E Hamilton 1880; R W Feachem 1963; Visited by OS (N K B) 1 June 1970.
This site was included in the Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland online database. See link below for site entry. <1>
Two pieces of vitrified stone from forts on Eilean-nan-Gobhar were acquired by the NMS in 1905 from Colonel McHardy. They were two of one of eight pieces collected from the walls of various forts. Acc. No. HH 88 and HH 89. Since there are two forts on Eilean-nan-Gobhar and two samples, it is assumed one is from each fort, although the catalogue does not state which is from which. See also MHG4027. <2>
- --- Image/Photograph(s): Eilean an Gobhar from Roskeen.. Colour Slide; Digital Image. .
- --- Image/Photograph(s): Eilean nan Gobhar Forts.. Colour Slide; Digital Image. .
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Feachem, R W. 1963. A Guide to Prehistoric Scotland. 1st. 127.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Hamilton, E. 1880. Archaeol J Vol. 37 1880, p.238-40. Archaeol J. 238-40. 239-40; plan.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Nisbet, H C. 1974. 'A geological approach to vitrified forts, part I: the archaeological and scientific background', Science and Archaeology, Vol 12, pp 3-12. p 5, 6, 9.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Nisbet, H C. 1975. 'A geological approach to vitrified forts, part II: bedrock and building stone', Science and Archaeology, Vol 15, pp 3-16. p 13, no. 38.
- <1> Interactive Resource/Online Database: Lock, G. & Ralston, I.. 2017. Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland. SC2535.
- <2> Dataset/Database File: National Museums of Scotland. 2019. Highland Finds from the NMS Catalogue. National Museums of Scotland. Digital. HH 88- HH 89.
|Grid reference||Centred NM 6937 7938 (100m by 100m) (Buffered by site type)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (2)
- http://hillforts.arch.ox.ac.uk/records/SC2535.html (Link to online Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland site entry)
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/22509 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
Comments and Feedback
Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.