MHG45098 - Castle Leod - Strathpeffer
Castle Leod tower house near Strathpeffer
Type and Period (2)
- TOWER HOUSE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1058 AD to 1900 AD)
- (Alternate Type) CASTLE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1058 AD to 1900 AD)
Mid Ross Local Plan, Oct 1990: P13/2.46. Conservation Areas/Listed Buildings.
J Aitken : 06/06/01.
NH45NE 9 4860 5933. Castle Leod (NR) OS 6"map, (1971)
An early C17th tower-house impressively situated on a green mound and built to a modified L-plan whose re-entrant angle has been infilled by slightly later addition, which contains a secondary doorway, defended by shot-holes and surmounted by a heraldic panel bearing MacKenzie arms.
Original building had an open parapet at wall-head with bartizans at angles. The addition however covers up this parapet on original front wall and is carried a storey higher being finished with ornamental dormers and pyramidal-roofed turrets. Some of other angle-turrets and dormers probably added at same time. One dormer, on N, bears date 1616, but whether this is date of original (MacGibbon and Ross 1889) or modification (Tranter 1970) is not clear. Tranter says original was built in 1600 by Tutor of Kintail, Sir Roderick MacKenzie and is still seat of his descendant, Earl of Cromartie.
D MacGibbon and T Ross 1887-92; N Tranter 1962-70.
Castle Leod (Info from notice board). This castle is still occupied and in good condition. According to owners wife (Lady Cromartie), original date is not known but believed to be 15th century and top storey additions date from 1616. Additions of Victorian and Edwardian eras are built onto N wall of the castle.
Visited by OS (J B) 23 April 1975
ARCHITECT: D Matheson 1914 Squash Court
The plans shown in photographs C12925-30, C12975/CN-77/CN and C12981/CN (from survey of plans lent for copying in June 1993 by Mr Mike Taylor) were found in a derelict estate office on Castle Leod estate. The material relates to two periods of alteration work carried out at Castle Leod, for Earl of Cromartie- first 1851 by Andrew Maitland, who adapted designs by David Bryce, second in 1904, when N wing, previously altered 1874, was mostly rebuilt. The material also relates to the nearby Inchvannie Farm Steading, and the pump room at Strathpeffer Spa, which were both owned by the Castle Leod estate.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCE: NMRS LIBRARY
Country Life, August 3rd 1935 p.130
A project of surveying and recording the archaeological sites within the grounds of Castle Leod was carried out by members of the North of Scotland Archaeological Society (NOSAS) in the winter of 2012-13.
The castle sits on a man-made “motte”or mound which probably dates to the 13th or 14th century. In the 16th century John of Killin, 10th Chief of the Clan Mackenzie was granted the lands of Castle Leod and it is thought that much of the present castle dates to this time. In 1605 Roderick (Rory) had married Margaret MacLeod, an heiress from Lewes; he marked the occasion by making significant alterations to the castle including an ornately carved stone over the doorway in 1616. <1>
An archaeological test trench evaluation of the castle site was undertaken in 2014. The main objective was to provide baseline data about the condition and type of archaeological deposits surviving below the ground surface; Ross and Cromarty Archaeological Services & West Coast Archaeological Services 2014.
Castle Leod is an L-shaped tower house located north of Strathpeffer in Easter Ross. The present castle occupies a grass-covered mound that is believed to be an earlier motte on which a previous wooden or stone castle tower was built. There are references to a possible Pictish fort on the same site, which may also have been later re-used by the Norse. Although the earliest period of construction for the tower is unclear and the earliest documented construction refers to the early 17th century, the construction and fabric of the lower storey of the castle indicates it was built as early as the 14th century. <2>
NGR adjusted based on 2018 aerial photographs. <3>
1st Edition OS 6" <4>
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Patullo, N. 1967. Castles, houses and gardens of Scotland. 14.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Close-Brooks, J. 1986. Exploring Scotland's Heritage: The Highlands. 150, No. 80.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Forman, S. 1967. Scottish country houses and castles.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: MacGibbon and Ross, D and T. 1896-7. The ecclesiastical architecture of Scotland from the earliest Christian times to the seventeenth century. Vol. 3, 557-9; Fig. 1531-2.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Tranter, N. 1962-70. The fortified house in Scotland. Vol.5, 171-2.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Crawford, B E. 1982. Scots and Scandinavians in medieval Caithness: A study of the period 1266-1375. SHG23444. 61-74. 111-12.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Forman, S. 1957. 'Castle Leod', Scot Fld Vol. 105 July 1957, p.23-5. Scot Fld. 23-5. 23-5.
- <1> Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: North of Scotland Archaeological Society. 2013. Report of an archaeological survey of the Policies of Castle Leod, Strathpeffer, Ross-shire. North of Scotland Archaeological Society. Digital. p.5.
- <2> Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Mary Peteranna. 2014. Test Pitting Evaluation - Castle Leod, Strathpeffer. Ross & Cromarty Archaeological Services (RoCAS) & West Coast Archaeological Services. Digital. p.5.
- <3> Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph/Vertical: Get Mapping. 2018. Getmapping aerial photography 2018. XY
- <4> Image/Map: Ordnance Survey. 1881. Ordnance Survey 1st edition 6 inch map: Ross-shire. Digital.
|Grid reference||Centred NH 4860 5932 (29m by 44m) (Buffered by site type)|
|Geographical Area||ROSS AND CROMARTY|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Investigations/Events (2)
External Links (2)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/LB7826 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/12469 (Link to HES Canmore record)
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