MHG777 - Chambered Cairn, Ben Freiceadain

Summary

No summary available.

Type and Period (1)

  • CHAMBERED CAIRN (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)

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Full Description

Chambered Cairn (NR) OS 6"map, (1963)

Ben Freiceadain: Orkney-Cromarty Round Cairn with (?) Camster-type chamber. This cairn is situated within the fort (ND05NE 18) which crowns the summit, towards its N end. The mound is grass-grown; the top has been reduced so that it now stands about 6ft high, and the S side has been severely robbed. The diameter is 55ft and the edge is quite distinct. The entrance has been from the ENE. At 7ft from this edge of the cairn can be seen the tops of two slabs leaning outwards which are probably transverse slabs at the entrance to the passage, part of a dry-built N wall of which is visible further W. A lintel across the passage remains in situ 6ft behind the leaning stones. In the centre of the cairn and 12ft W of the lintel, three slabs, evidently forming part of the chamber, protrude through the turf, their tops being about 2ft higher than the lintel stone. Two of these slabs are set transversely to axis of the passage, 3ft apart, third being set across inner end of S stone.
A S Henshall 1963, visited 1956; RCAHMS 1911.

The remains of this chambered cairn are as described. The remains consist of a mutilated mound of earth and stone, 16m N-S by 17m transversely, with a maximum height of 1.3m.
Visited by OS (W D J) 13 April 1962.

A chambered cairn, as described by Miss Henshall. There is a modern cairn erected on the cairn.
Visited by OS (N K B) 15 September 1981.

Beinn Freiceadain rises to a height of 238m OD from the surrounding flat moorland. Together with the slightly higher twin summit of Ben Dorrery it is one of the highest hills in the N of caithness and a notable landmark. This chambered cairn is situated within the fort which crowns the summit, on ground which slopes down from W to E. The cairn is turf-covered with a well-defined edge which rises steeply. The top has been removed leaving the centre dished, and a hollow has been made into the S edge. The cairn diameter is about 16m. The maximum height, to the N of the chamber is 1.2m taken from the W and 2m taken from the E. The passage runs from the ENE> About 1.4m from the cairn edge on this side the tops of a pair of small slabs protrude. They are 0.8m apart, 0.3 and 0.6m long, 0.08 and 0.05m thick, and lean acutely to the E. If the slabs were upright they would stand over 0.5m to the W, in line and closer together, their tops roughly level with the under side of the lintel 1.55m behind them. The slabs probably mark the entrance to the passage. Only the E side of the lintel is exposed. It is 1.5m long by 0.15m thick, the lower surface 0.8m above the ground level to the E. The N wall of the passage is just visible for 0.4m, the W end running under the lintel. In the hollowed centre of the cairn, 4.55m W of the lintel, is a pair of slabs set 1m apart at a slight angle to each other, presumably part of a chamber. The slabs are 0.9 and 0.6m long, both are 0.05m thick and exposed for 0.25m, the N slab standing 0.8m higher than the upper surface of the lintel. Across N end of S slab an intact slab 0.4m long is just visible. It is firmly set but is unlikely to be in situ. A modern marker cairn has been built 3m W of the S slab.
Visited 22 September 1987.J L Davidson and A S Henshall 1991.


RCAHMS, 1911, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness, 99, No. 361 (Text/Report). SHG2664.


Henshall, A S, 1963, The chambered tombs of Scotland, Volume 1, 258, CAT 4; plan (Text/Publication/Monograph). SHG357.


Davidson, JL and Henshall, A S, 1991, The chambered cairns of Caithness: an inventory of the structures and their contents, 90-1 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2115.

Sources/Archives (3)

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred ND 0592 5585 (80m by 80m) (Buffered by site type)
Map sheet ND05NE
Civil Parish REAY
Geographical Area CAITHNESS

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