MHG8928 - Hut circle settlement - Cnoc a' Mhuilinn


A hut circle settlement and field system at Cnoc a' Mhuilinn.

Type and Period (3)

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2400 BC to 551 BC)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Undated)

Protected Status

Full Description

NH56SW 11 514 626.
Centred at NH 514 626 on a generally SE-facing slope is a settlement of 7 oval stone-walled huts (A - G).
Hut 'A', on a knoll, survives as a platform, c. 11.5m NW-SE by c. 10m bounded by traces of a wall. Several outer facing stones are visible in W arc. The position of the entrance is not evident.
'B' is c. 13m NNW-SSE by c11m between the centres of a wall of indeterminate thickness, with one or two outer and inner facing stones visible in SW arc. The entrance cannot be seen. A field wall joins hut in the SE arc.
'C' is c11.5m NNW-SSE by c9.5m between centres of a wall of indefinite thickness, with outer face visible intermittently around S arc. The mutilated entrance is in SSE.
'D' measures c13m NNW-SSE by c11m between the centres of a wall of uncertain thickness, which has been extensively robbed revealing the inner face of contiguous stones around E arc. Occasional outer facing stones occur around W arc. The entrance in SSE is mutilated.
'E' is c13m NW-SE by c11m between centres of a wall of indeterminate thickness. The ill-defined entrance is in SE.
'F' is c9.5m NW-SE by c7.5m between centres of a wall of indeterminate thickness. The ill-defined entrance is in SE.
'G' measures c13m NW-SE by c10m between centres of a denuded wall. The entrance is in SE.
About 100m S of hut 'B' are traces of a platform c.12m diameter (marked 'X' on 6" sheet). Around W arc is a discontinuous line of stones, possibly outer wall face of a hut. There are several stone clearance heaps and field walls apparent, particularly in vicinity of huts B, C and D, but no measurable cultivation plots can be seen because of a heavy growth of peat.
Visited by OS (N K B) 18 DEcember 1970.

Within the settlement and centred at NH 5150 6255 are six cup marked rocks (marked 1 - 6 on 6" plan)
1: Has 1 good cup mark and 2 possible cup marks.
2: Has 2 good cup marks and 2 possible cup marks.
3: At least 6 cup marks, but there is the slight possibility that they could be due to weathering.
4: Has 14 good cup marks.
5: Has 8 good cup marks.
6: Has 4 good, and 1 probable, cup marks.
Surveyed at 1:10560. Visited by OS (I S S) 13 September 1973.

No change to previous field report. Surveyed at 1:10 000.
Visited by OS (J B) 16 November 1976.

This group of at least 7 hut circles and numerous small cairns was largely obscured by heather at date of visit; there is also a group of six cup-marked boulders within this area.
RCAHMS 1979, visited September 1978.

Hut circles A-G are generally as described. Their individual positions (surveyed at 1:2500) are as follows:
hut 'A': NH 5171 6256; 'B':NH 5140 6263; 'C':NH 5137 6269;
'D':NH 5132 6268; 'E':NH 5146 6281; 'F':NH 5151 6282; 'G':NH 5139 6290. Two additional hut circles were noted.
'H', at NH 5160 6230, occupies level terrace at foot of slope above flood plain. It is c9m idiameter between centres of walls of indeterminate thickness. Much of circuit of outer facing-stones survives. The entrance may have been in SE.
Hut 'J', at NH 5156 6291, is represented only by a curving arc of a stony bank, which may represent the collapsed wall of a hut circle c.9m diameter. This hut circle is surrounded by clearance heaps and short linear banks 3-5m long.
These fill the area between the two burns on either side of hut circles, but do not form any obvious field-system.
The possible hut platform noted by OS S of hut B was not convincing. Cup-marked stones '1'-'4' were not located; stones '5' and '6' were as described, but their grid references should be amended to:
'5':NH 5158 6259; '6':NH 5165 6254.
An additional five cup-marked stones were located.
'7', at NH 5167 6246, has 8 good cup-marks and 2 possible ones.
'8', at NH 5138 6266, has 3 good cup-marks and 2 possible ones.
'9', at NH 5131 6248, is a large boulder with a flat upper surface, 1.6m by 1m, which had 30 good cup-marks and 5 possible ones.
'10', at NH 5145 5256, has 10 cup-marks, 4 of which are exceptionally large, ie 0.12m in diameter and 0.07m deep.
'11', at NH 5134 6266, has 8 good cup-marks and 2 possible.
The various field boundaries (shown on plan) all consist of collapsed turf-covered stone walls which spread between 1m and 2m, and follow wandering lines dictated by topography.
Visited June 1989. Info from S T Driscoll & S M Foster (Mss, 1-3, Nos. 1.1-1.4.) 1989

Note - for cup marked stones within the sheduled area and nearby, see MHG63254, MHG63250, MHG63249-6, MHG14146.

Sources/Archives (1)



Grid reference Centred NH 5151 6266 (533m by 598m) (9 map features)
Map sheet NH56SW
Geographical Area ROSS AND CROMARTY
Civil Parish FODDERTY

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (3)

Related Investigations/Events (0)

External Links (2)

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