MHG9027 - Cairn Irenan

Summary

No summary available.

Type and Period (2)

  • CHAMBERED CAIRN (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
  • CULTURAL ASSOCIATION (Norse - 800 AD to 1300 AD)

Protected Status

Full Description

NH55SE 10 5666 5229.
Cairn Irenan (Stone Circle) (NR) OS 6" map, Ross-shire, 2nd ed., (1907)

Carn Urnan (Carn Irenan). Clava passage-grave: the cairn material has been entirely removed. The kerb of large stones is about 42ft in diameter, and is complete except for five stones. The tallest, on S side, is 4ft high, and smallest on N is only 1ft 4ins high. The entrance passage to SSW is 2ft wide. Two lintels still remain across passage, somewhat displaced.
The chamber has been oval, 11 x 14ft; foundation course of upright slabs (1ft 8ins - 6ins high) is almost complete.
There has been a circle of monoliths, about 73ft diameter, of which only 4 remain upright, the tallest being 5ft 10ins high.
A S Henshall 1963; V G Childe 1944; A J Beaton 1882. <1>-<3>

Cairn Irenan. NSA 1845.

The remains of this chambered cairn are generally as described above. 9 boulders encircle the cairn, but only 4 remain standing in situ (A, B, F, J). Stone 'G' can be discounted as belong to the ring.
Revised at 1/2500. Visited by OS (N K B) 21 January 1965.

No change. Visited by RCAHMS (JRS) 3 March 1989.

This site lies within a private garden. A website visitor contacted us in September 2008 expressing concern over the condition of the monument and access difficulties. The comments have been referred to Historic Scotland. <4>

The cairn is one of a group of cairns along the Mulbuie ridge which are all intervisible. This would have originally been the most prominent of the cairns, placed at the high point of the west end of the ridge.
Cairn Irenan is associated in local folklore with later burials, one version being that Irenan was a Norse warrior, slain in a nearby battle. There is no documentary evidence for such a burial, and concentrations of small cairns such as clearance cairns often have such folklore associations. <5>

Information from a participant on the Black Isle Heritage Memories project; referred to locally as The Druid's Circle. <6>


Carn Irenan (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG8057.


Carn Irenan, Kilcoy (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG8047.


Carn Irenan, Kilcoy (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG8052.


Carnurnan, Cairn Irenan. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG12169.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG3829.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG3830.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG3831.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG3832.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG3833.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG3834.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG3835.


Woodham, A. A., 1956, A survey of prehistoric monuments in the Black Isle, p 66-8, No. 1 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG72.


RCAHMS, 1979, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of the Black Isle, Ross and Cromarty District, Highland Region, 7, No. 5 (Text/Report). SHG2675.


<1> Henshall, A S, 1963, The chambered tombs of Scotland, Volume 1, 343, ROS 13; plan, 341, fig. 77 (Text/Publication/Monograph). SHG357.


<2> Childe, V G, 1944, 'An unrecognised group of chambered cairns', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 78 1943-4, p.26-38, 37-8 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG175.


<3> Beaton, A J, 1883, 'Notes on ancient fortifications in the Black Isle, Ross-shire', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 17 1882-3, p.414-23, 478-9 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1191.


<4> Private individual, 2008-11, Feedback from website visitor, 23/09/2008 (Text/Correspondence). SHG22709.


<5> Dagg, C, 01/2008, Mullans Wood, Tore, Killearnan: Proposed Development - Archaeological Evaluation, 4, 8 (Text/Report/Fieldwork Report). SHG23989.


<6> McCullagh, C, 09/2010, Black Isle Heritage Memories: Remembering your Community Avoch, Culbokie and Tore, T26 (Text/Report). SHG24970.

Sources/Archives (19)

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred NH 5666 5229 (80m by 80m) (Buffered by site type)
Map sheet NH55SE
Geographical Area ROSS AND CROMARTY
Civil Parish KILLEARNAN

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Investigations/Events (0)

External Links (3)

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