MHG9335 - Broch, Feranach
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- BROCH (Iron Age - 550 BC to 560 AD)
(NC 84412730) Broch (NR) OS 6"map, (1962)
The remains of a broch, consisting of a wall 15'6" thick containing a stair gallery and four mural chambers as well as a guard chamber off the entrance passage on the west. The wall stands to a height of 7' to 8' externally and is visible for a height of 7' above the internal debris which chokes courtyard and chambers. There is no evidence of outworks having existed.
A broch as described and planned by RCAHMS. The wall is 4.2m wide at the entrance narrowing to approximately 3.6m. The courtyard is about 11m diameter.
Visited by OS (JB) 1 Feburary 1977
This broch is situated towards the leading edge of a slight terrace on the N side of the Strath na Frithe and enjoys extensive views to the W. It measures 11m in diameter within a wall 3.4m in thickness, which is built of roughly squared blocks up to 1m across, and stands up to 2.5m in height. The entrance, which is on the W, is about 1.2m in height; a door-check is visible and there is a guard-chamber accessed from the S side of the entrance passage. There are five intra-mural chambers and traces of an intra-mural stair in the longest of the chambers on the N-NE. There are entrances to the chambers on the N and NW from the court; that to the NE has an opening into the court above the entrance. The interior is choked with rubble and the structure has been robbed, in particular on the E.
Visited by RCAHMS (DCC) 7 March 1991.
NC82 2 FERANACH NC/8441 2730
This is a well-preserved broch of the rare transitional type, albeit of unusual design, in Kildonan, Sutherland. It is about two miles above the junction of the rivers Helmsdale and Frithe, situated on the side of the Strath of Kildonan, 30.5m (100ft) above the river. There are several features in Level 2 which confirm that the structure is a hollow-walled broch. The interior wallface survives to a height of about 2.14m (7ft) above the debris which may be 0.9 - 1.2m (3 - 4ft) deep; the outer face stands up to 2.14 - 2.44m (7 - 8ft) in places.
The entrance is on the west, 4.73m (15.5ft) in length, 76cm (2.5ft) wide at the outer end and with door-checks 1.68m (5.5ft) from the outside. The passage then widens to 1.19m (3ft 11in), narrowing again to 1.07m (3.5ft) at the inner end. Five lintels are in position 1.07m (3.5ft) above the debris, and a sixth lies on the ground in front. The innermost lintel appears to be part of the scarcement running round the interior wallface . A guard cell opens off the right side and measures 1.83 by 1.53m (6 by 5ft); the doorway to this cell is not apparent but its lintel may just be visible .
There are five other intra-mural cells, at about 4, 2, 12.30, 8.30 and 7 o'clock; the one with its doorway at 8.30 is 10.8m (36ft) long and could be classed as a gallery; it may contain the mural stair  but any steps are invisible under rubble. There are traces of an upper gallery on top of this with three lintels of the lower visible on the east, at 12 o'clock . This upper gallery has openings to the interior at 8.30 o'clock (on top of the doorway to the lower level, which can only be seen from the intra-mural space) and at 11 o'clock; both these openings must be well above the level of the scarcement, which should be hidden under the rubble . Swanson suggests that it is unlikely that a stairway can be here if it is founded at ground level because it could not have cleared the corbelled roof of the cell at 12 o'clock; however if it started to rise immediately clockwise of the doorway at 8.30 o'clock there would probably be enough room.
Over the lintel of the doorway to the elongated cell at 7 o'clock are two super-imposed lintels forming a void. The lower lintel projects 0.5m forward from the upper and suggests that it is part of the otherwise buried scarcement . The three cells in the south-eastern and southern arc are normal small, elongated chambers with rounded ends.
There are no signs of outworks or anything else around the broch.
Dimensions: interior diameter c. 11.0m ; wall thickness (at entrance) 4.73m. The wall proportion may thus be about 46%.
Sources: 1. NMRS site no. NC 82 NW 1: 2. RCAHMS 1911a, 106 - 07, no. 314 and fig. 36: 3. Swanson (ms) 1985, 803 - 06 and plan: 4. RCAHMS 1993.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Second report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Sutherland. . 106-7, No. 314; fig.36.
- --- Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Cowley, D.C., Dixon, P.J. and Ritchie, J.N.G.. 1993. Strath of Kildonan: an archaeological survey. RCAHMS. . Paper and Digital.
- <1> Text/Publication/Monograph: Mackie, E.. 2007. The Roundhouses, Brochs and Wheelhouses of Atlantic Scotland c.700 BC - AD 500: Architecture and material culture Part 2 (I & II) The Northern and Southern Mainland and the Western Islands. BAR British Series. 444. Paperback. NC82 2 FERANACH.
|Grid reference||Centred NC 8441 2730 (70m by 70m) (Buffered by site type)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (2)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM1865 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/6680 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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