MHG7457 - Battle of Glenshiel
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Type and Period (2)
- BATTLEFIELD (18th Century - 1719 AD to 1719 AD)
- BATTLE SITE (18th Century - 1719 AD to 1719 AD)
Site of the Battle of Glenshiel AD. 1719 (NAT)
Colonel Wightman's Grave (NAT)
OS 6"map, Ross-shire, 2nd ed., (1905)
The Battle of Glenshiel was fought on the 10th June 1719 between Highland Jacobites, supported by Spanish troops, under the Marquis of Tullibardine; and Government troops, supported by Dutch and Swiss, under General Wightman. The Jacobites were defeated.
Advancing from the west, the Jacobites took up a position at the narrowest part of the gorge, where they threw a barricade across the road and erected stone breastworks on the face of Spanish Hill - named after the Spanish troops who manned them - to the north of the road. Traces of these breastworks still remain. The remainder of the Jacobite army defended the hillock opposite Spanish Hill on the south side of the river.
Wightman's troops, approaching from the east, had little difficulty in driving the Jacobites back from these positions and scattering them in retreat. (Information from a map of the battle drawn by Lt. J Bastide, see A H Millar 1883)
This battle prevented the projected Jacobite uprising. 'Colonel Wightman's Grave', published on the OS Map, is certainly not that of Wightman who long survived the battle. Only three officers - one British and two Dutch - and eighteen men were killed on the Government side, and Jacobite losses were even lighter. The grave of the one British Officer, Captain Downes of Montague's Regiment, is by the river, on the south side and just above the gorge. Local tradition maintains two burial places for the Spanish dead - Eilean nan Gall (NG 9320) and by the old church at Clachan Duich (NG92SW 3) which the Jacobites had used as a hospital.
Rev. John MacRae (NSA 1845), the sole authority for the OS publication of both the battle site and 'Colonel Wightman's Grave', in his extremely inaccurate account of the battle, says that 'the green mounds which cover the graves of the slain' could be distinguished at the scene of the battle in 1836.
I C Taylor 1965; Information from Murdo McCrea (Formally of Lub an Eorna) and J Ross (Achnagart, Glenshiel); W K Dickson 1895; Marchioness of Tullibardine 1908; J J Galbraith; NSA (Rev J MacRae) 1845; Name Book 1874.
The two stone breastworks on the E face of Spanish Hill at NG 9930 1333 measure 13.0m and 0.8m high. They are crudely constructed and incorporate the natural boulders which abound on the hill. No trace of the graves or the barricade across the road remain.
Visited by OS (N K B) 3 October 1966.
- --- Image/Photograph(s): Glenshiel, interpretative panel.. Colour Slide; Digital Image. .
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Talyor, I C. 1965. 'The Affair in Glenshiel', Scot's Mag Nov 1965, p.104-14. Scot's Mag. 104-14. 104-114; illust..
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Galbraith, J J. 1928. 'The Battle of Glenshiel', Trans Gaelic Soc Inverness Vol. 34 1927-8, p.280-313. Trans Gaelic Soc Inverness. 280-313. 280-313; plan 301.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Dickson, W K. 1895. 'The Jacobite attempt of 1719', Scot Hist Soc Vol. 19 1895, p.xlvii-liv. Scot Hist Soc. xlvii-liv. xlvii-liv.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Tullibardine, Marchioness of. 1908. Military History of Perthshire.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Name Book (County). Object Name Books of the Ordnance Survey. Book No. 51, 27-8.
|Grid reference||Centred NG 9968 1351 (3046m by 3011m) (Buffered by site type)|
|Geographical Area||SKYE AND LOCHALSH|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (3)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/BTL10 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM6206 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/12005 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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