An archaeological watching brief took place during Phase 1 construction works. The work comprised monitoring the excavation for the main access track, including adjustments and the construction of drainage and silt traps along the route. This phase also involved monitoring of excavations for the movement of the site compound, expansion of the borrow pit and the construction of an "aluminium road". During this work two clearance cairns were excavated and other sites were marked and avoided. The excavation of the area for the sub station was also monitored: tree stumps were recovered showing cut marks and possible charring. <1>
The tool-marked stumps were subject to a set of palaeoenvironmental analyses. Pollen, non-pollen palynomorph, plant macrofossil, dendrochronological and tool-mark analyses were undertaken. The stumps were found to date from the Neolithic, but the tool marks correlate well with Bronze Age too marks, from possible peat cutting activity, such as that found at nearby Loch Farlary. The pine trees were found to be long-lived and existed in a landscape where wet woodland and damp herbaceous vegetation eventually gave way to the development of heathland. <2>
There are inconsistancies between the plan given in excavation report <1> and OS Mapping and APs with the sub-station clearly built slightly north east of the area shown in figure 1. It is likely that the site location plan is indicative only of the watching brief areas and not an accurate plan of these. The grid references recorded for the location of the trees, which were described to have been found within the sub-station watching brief area, match the location of the sub-station as depicted on OS mapping and as visible on APs. GW 20/05/19
Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Matthews, A. 2007. Kilbraur Wind Farm, Strath Brora, Golspie, Highland: Phase 1 Construction Programme - Archaeological Watching Brief of Excavations for Access Track, Sub-Station and other Groundworks. Headland Archaeology Ltd. 03/09/2007. Paper and Digital.
Text/Report/Fieldwork Report: Timpany, S, Dr. 03/2010. The palaeoenvironmental study of tool-marked prehistoric Pinus stumps from Kilbraur, near Golspie, Sutherland, Highland. Headland Archaeology Ltd. 31/03/2010. Paper and Digital.
Find a placename, postcode or grid reference
The map is limited to 3000 records per layer so not all records are being displayed for this area. Zoom in to see more.
MHG60365Trees Stumps with Bronze Age Axemarks - Kilbraur Wind Farm (Monument)
Child/subsequent Site Events/Activities (1)
Excavation of clearance cairn, Kilbraur Wind Farm (Ref: SBW02)
Record last edited
May 20 2019 11:03AM
Comments and Feedback
Do you have any more information about this record? Please feel free to comment with information and photographs, or ask any questions, using the "Disqus" tool below. Comments are moderated, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible.