MHG1794 - Site of St Tustan's Chapel
Site of St Tustan's Chapel and possible cemetery remains. Only a slight turf covered rise and stony ridge now remain.
Type and Period (1)
- CHAPEL (Early Medieval to Medieval - 561 AD to 1559 AD)
- None recorded
All that is visible at chapel site, in margin of a field adjacent to Brabstermire House, is a turf-covered rise approximately 22m E-W by 14m transversely by 0.5m high, much broken up by cattle using it as a feeding point; random stones were noted. Outside E end of rise a slight stony ridge may indicate course of burial ground wall. The minister at Canisbay and local people had no knowledge of a name applying to chapel site.
Visited by OS (J M) 28 April 1982.
St Custan's Chapel (NR) (site of) OS 6" map, (1960)
The dedication is a corruption of Drostan, late 6th century, which might indicate a Celtic origin for this chapel, but building seen exposed by Beaton (1909) consisted of a nave, 19 by 11ft, and a chancel, 8ft square, walls being 4ft thick, dry-built and plastered with shell-lime internally. At that time (c1909) baptismal font was in Brabster House (known since at least 1873 as Stonyhill: ND 321 697, now in ruins). By 1910 chapel remains had been re-covered (RCAHMS 1911).
D Beaton 1909; RCAHMS 1911, visited 1910; W J Watson 1926.
St Tustan's Chapel (NR) (Site of), Graveyard (NR) (Remains of)
OS 6" map, Caithness, 2nd ed., (1873)
A chapel dedicated to St Tustan stood on a small eminence. No vestige of it remains but several old people remember having seen part of it. Its garveyard is defined by an old bank about 2 chains (40.2m) long and 130 links (26m) broad. Some of old people can remember its being used for burial.
Name Book 1873.
George Watson, Caithness Chapel Sites (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG3470.
Name Book (County), Object Name Books of the Ordnance Survey, Book No. 2, 111 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG3350.
Beaton, D, 1909, Ecclesiastical history of Caithness and annals of Caithness parishes, 49 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG1965.
RCAHMS, 1911, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness, 21, No. 57 (Text/Report). SHG2664.
Watson, W J, 1926, The history of the Celtic place-names of Scotland: being the Rhind lectures on archaeology (expanded) delivered in 1916, 317 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2918.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Beaton, D. 1909. Ecclesiastical history of Caithness and annals of Caithness parishes. 49.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness. . 21, No. 57.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Watson, W J. 1926. The history of the Celtic place-names of Scotland: being the Rhind lectures on archaeology (expanded) delivered in 1916. 317.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Name Book (County). Object Name Books of the Ordnance Survey. Book No. 2, 111.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: George Watson. Caithness Chapel Sites.
|Grid reference||Centred ND 3171 6937 (40m by 40m) (Buffered by site type)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (1)
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/9305 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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