MHG2340 - Hut circle, Flex Hill

Summary

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Type and Period (1)

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2400 BC to 551 BC)

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Full Description

(ND 2581 5102; 2569 5100; 2579 5090; 2569 5090 & 2572 5087) Cairns (NR) OS 25" map, Caithness, (1871)

Hut Circles, Flex Hill. Some 3/4 mile S of Strath farm-house, close to wire fence which runs westward across the moor from Camster Road, is a group of hut-circles.
1st. The furthest up the slope of the hill, c100 yds distant from the road, is circular and some 20ft in internal diameter. The bank is now quite low and too indefinite to measure; the floor is dug out and 3ft below natural level on upper side, and 1.5-2ft below on the tower side. The position of the entrance is not evident.
2nd. Some 80ft W of 1st, 18 - 20ft internal diameter entrance seemingly on SW, bank 8 - 10ft thick is not accurately measurable, interior not so deep as 1st.
3rd. Some 20ft NW of 2nd,internal diameter about 21ft entrance in SW bank 11 ft across and still a foot or two high on lower side. Interior dug out and is 2.5 - 3ft below that of the hill slope on the upper side.
4th. 30 yds N of 3rd is one partly destroyed by a sheep drain across its lower end. Internal diameter 9ft across but 11ft towards entrance which has been from SW and appears to have been rather wide and the section exposed by the drain cutting shows that the bank is composed of earth or peat and small stones.
5th. Some yards to the north of those near the wire fence, and some 50 yds NNE of Carn Liath (ND25SE 1) Internal diameter 24ft, entrance WSW of indefinite width. Bank overgrown, much spread and 12ft in breadth at base.
RCAHMS 1911.

Centred at ND 258 509 on a W-facing slope is a settlement of 10
circular stone walled huts (A-K), a probable cairn, and a mound of uncertain classification.
Hut 'A' (RCAHMS's 3rd) measures 10.5m diameter between the centres of a peat-covered wall spread to 4m. The ill-defined entrance is in SW.
'B' (RCAHMS's 2nd) 8.5m in diameter between the centres of a peat-covered wall spread to 3m. Stones of the wall are visible in a mutilation in the NW. The ill-defined entrance is in the SW.
'C' (RCAHMS's 1st) measures 9.5m in diameter between the centres of a wall spread to 4m, stones of which are visible in E. The N arc is mutilated. The ill-defined entrance is in the SSW.
'D' is almost obliterated by peat and measures about 8m in diameter. The ill-defined entrance is in the SW.
'E' about 9m in diameter between the centres of a wall spread to an indeterminate width. The ill-defined entrance is in SW.
'F' measures 11m between the centres of an ill-defined wall. There are traces of a possible entrance in the SW.
'G' is scarcely visible and measures about 8m in diameter.
'H' measures about 10m in diameter between the centres of an ill-defined wall. The E arc is mutilated and the entrance is not visible.
'J' (RCAHMS's 5th) 10m in diameter between centres of a wall spread to 4m. The stone content is exposed in several mutilations. The ill-defined entrance is in the SW.
'K' is identical to H. There is no trace of contemporary cultivation. RCAHMS's 4th "hut" at ND 2570 5096, appears to have been a peat-covered stony mound about 9m diameter, quarried into from the SW, of uncertain purpose. It is not a hut.
At ND 2589 5091 is a grass-covered stony mound about 6m in diameter and 0.3m high, dug into in the centre. Its prominent position on a false crest when viewed from SW suggests it may be a cairn.
At ND 2601 5103 beside a wet hollow is a grass- covered stony mound measuring about 10m NE-SW by 8m transversely and 0.7m high, with a deep depression running from its E side into the centre. Its situation and shape is reminiscent of a burnt mound, but no burnt material is visible and its true nature is uncertain.
Surveyed at 1:10,000 of huts A - H and the possible cairn.
1:2500 resurvey of J and K (OS {WDJ})
Visited by OS (W D J) 27 April 1963 and (I S S) 23 March 1972.

(ND 258 509) Settlement (NR) (Nine hut circles and a mound shown) OS 1:10,000 map, (1975)

The ten hut circles are as described by OS field investigator (I S S); the two mounds noted by the same authority cannot be classified from the visible remains.
Surveyed at 1:2500 (Hut 'K' and a single mound).
Visited by OS (N K B) 29 April 1982.


RCAHMS, 1911, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness, 131-2, No. 476 (Text/Report). SHG2664.

Sources/Archives (1)

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred ND 2586 5094 (397m by 256m) (Buffered by site type)
Map sheet ND25SE
Civil Parish WATTEN
Geographical Area CAITHNESS

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