MHG2404 - Wag of Forse, settlement 800m WSW of Forse House

Summary

No summary available.

Type and Period (4)

  • DUN (Late Iron Age - 2 AD to 560 AD)
  • WAG (Late Iron Age - 2 AD to 560 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Iron Age - 550 BC to 560 AD)
  • HUT CIRCLE (Iron Age - 550 BC? to 560 AD) + Sci.Date

Protected Status

Full Description

Re-scheduled 2/2003 - see info in secondary file - HAW 4/2003

ND23NW 1 2048 3520.
Dun and Settlement (NR) OS 1:10,000 map, (1976)

Wag of Forse: An Iron Age site with successive periods of occupation including a dun (Young 1964; MacKie 1965) and wags, apparently only part of complex which extends along E edge of a rocky outcrop. It was partly excavated by Curle (1941; 1948) in 1939 and 1946-8.
The sequence of occupation appears to consist of huts of 3 periods, overlaid by a dun, which was succeeded and partly destroyed by wags, both elongated and round. The site is partly bounded by a turf wall on substantial stone base with, at least on W, an external, V-shaped ditch, the period of which is unknown.
MacKie (1965) likens the dun, with its massive double entrance to the pre-broch gatehouse forts of Shetland. It measures 47ft in internal diameter within a wall 4 to 5ft thick, rising from a heavy scarcement. Just inside entrance a flight of stairs leads off to the ruined wall-head (recalling entrances to some of the Caithness brochs, including that at Yarrows - ND34SW 1).
Excavation finds, most of which were donated to NMAS, included several saddle-querns but only one, broken, rotary quern. From the original hearth in hut 'C' (see plan) came a pot with LBA-EIA parallels (1965). The most sophisticated pottery came from a small round wag, not shown on plan, in area 'H'. No metal was noted.
A O Curle 1941; 1948; 1950; A Young 1964; E W MacKie 1965.

A partially excavated Iron Age occupation site, consisting of a dun and galleried dwellings, as described and illustrated by Curle. Excavated material overlies some of the dwellings and the outer turf-covered wall, rendering their identification virtually impossible.
There are undoubtedly more huts beneath the tumble, and also to S (see ND34SW 7 and 12) where numerous large slabs protrude through the turf. There was an associated field system, evidenced by a low bank running from the outer rampart, but this has been destroyed by much later field walls and cultivation, and cannot be accurately determined. Resurveyed at 1:2500.
Visited by OS (N K B) 11 May 1967.

If the primary structure is a dun it is unique although stair in the entrance section has analogies in the Keiss brochs (ND36SE2 & 3).
The secondary longhouses are unusual in the British Iron Age but may bear comparison with the wooden longhouses with internal rows of roof-posts of northern European Iron Age.
'It is quite possible that at Forse we have a rare fragment of evidence for the arrival in NE Scotland of prehistoric settlers direct from the continent, an influx of people who may have laid the foundations of the Pictish nation of proto-historic times. Certainly the dun appears to be earlier than the Caithness brochs and to have contributed some elements of its architecture to them.
E W MacKie 1975.

The entrance block in the circular ring-fort differs from that of the blockhouse forts in that the structure does not project forwards beyond the curve of the wall, which externally it does not interrupt, and it is of one build with the wall.
R G Lamb 1980.

No change to previous reports except that the protruding slabs noted to S by the previous field investigator do not appear to have any archaeological significance.
Visited by OS (J M) 24 March 1983.

Classified by Close-Brooks as broch and settlement.
J Close-Brooks 1986.

Radiocarbon dates were obtained from human skeletal material buried below the entrance of a roundhouse, as part of the Human Remains from Iron Age Atlantic Scotland Dating Project 2009. These indicated Late Iron Age dates of 250-340 AD and 210-260 AD, calibrated to 1 sigma. <1>

Sources/Archives (21)

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred ND 2048 3517 (113m by 170m) (Buffered by site type)
Map sheet ND23NW
Civil Parish LATHERON
Geographical Area CAITHNESS

Finds (2)

  • VESSEL (Undated)
  • SADDLE QUERN (Undated)

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Investigations/Events (0)

External Links (3)

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