MHG260 - Chapel - Cill Fhionntain
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- CHAPEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1058 AD to 1900 AD)
J Aitken : 17/12/02
NM54NE 1 5795 4987 and 5790 4987.
(NM 5790 4987) Chapel (NR) (rems of) OS 1:10,000 map, (1976)
Cill Leuntaig (NR) OS 6" map, Argyllshire, 2nd ed., (1900)
Chapel and Burial-ground, Killundine: The burial-ground at Killundine (at NM 5795 4988), which contains the 19th-century burial-enclosure of the family of Cheape of Killundine, is of recent origin. However, (at NM 5790 4987) on a low knoll some 30m to the W, there are the turf-covered remains of a rectangular building which measures about 7.6m from E to W by 3m transversely within 0.7 m walls standing to a maximum height of 0.8m. A gap at the centre of S wall may mark position of the entrance-doorway. This structure stands in NW angle of a small D-shaped enclosure, defined on N and W by sloping ground, and on E and S by a curving stony bank.
Although the name 'Cill Leuntaig' was applied to this site by the OS in 19th century, its Gaelic name is 'Cill Fhionntain, the dedication being to St Fintan. The orientation and plan-form of the building described above suggest that it was a chapel, but in view of its elongated proportions it must be attributed to the medieval period, although the site was evidently in use at an earlier date.
Two Early Christian grave-markers from the burial-ground are at present in care of Mr Iain Thornber, Ardtornish. One, which is in two pieces, has been a roughly-shaped pillar measuring 1.43m high, 0.24m in maximum width and 0.065m thick; it has an incised cross on both faces, the edges being plain. The other stone measures 0.64m high, 0.12m in maximum width and from 0.05m to 0.09m in thickness; the foot has been roughly trimmed to a point and there is an incised cross on one face only.
RCAHMS 1980; Name Book 1872; W J Watson 1926; I Thornber 1974.
When seen in 1970, remains of the chapel were in a condition similar to that described by RCAHMS. The grave markers were found in 1970, at NM 5793 4987, inside W corner of burial ground (now disused) They were found prostrate beside graveyard wall and were probably brought from elsewhere.
Surveyed at 1:10,000. Visited by OS (R L) 9 June 1970.
GIS spatial data created 2018 based on OS Maser Map. <1>
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1980. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Argyll: an inventory of the monuments volume 3: Mull, Tiree, Coll and Northern Argyll (excluding the early medieval and later monuments of Iona). . 149-50, No. 303; plan, illust.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Watson, W J. 1926. The history of the Celtic place-names of Scotland: being the Rhind lectures on archaeology (expanded) delivered in 1916. 304.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Name Book (County). Object Name Books of the Ordnance Survey. Book No. 71, 75.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Thornber, I. 1974. 'Cill Leuntaig, Early Christian grave-makers and site', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1974, p.20-1. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 20-1. 20-1.
- <1> Image/Map: Ordnance Survey. Ordnance Survey Mastermap. Digital.
|Grid reference||Centred NM 5791 4988 (14m by 7m) (Buffered by site type)|
Related Monuments/Buildings (1)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (2)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM5528 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/22256 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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