MHG31375 - Burial ground - St. Barevan's Church, Kirkton of Barevan

Summary

No summary available.

Type and Period (1)

  • CEMETERY (Medieval to 19th Century - 1058 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

Full Description

NH84NW 6 8368 4725.
St Barevan's Church (NR) (In Ruins) Holy Water Fonts (NAT) (NH 8368 4726) Stone Coffin (NAT)
OS 6"map, Nairnshire, 2nd ed., (1906)

Parish church of Barevan or Cawdor until it was superseded 1619. (See NH84NW 4 for later church)

The ruin is EC14th. In 1937 the side walls stood to a height of 11 to 12ft, but the gables were reduced to foundations. The piscina niche near east end still contained its double bowl (i.e. the published 'Holy Water Fonts'). Simpson (1937) makes no mention of annexe on SW corner, which is shown on OS 6"map, Nairnshire, 1st ed., (1869) and is noted by OS Reviser in 1955. Watson (1926) derives the name 'Barr Eibhinn' from Aibind, who was active between 500 and 550 AD. This Celtic origin is apparently confirmed by Celtic bell, said to have belonged to church, which is preserved at Cawdor Castle. The churchyard contains, S and SW of church, some late mediaeval grave-slabs, and, to N of church, a mediaeval stone coffin. There are also at least a dozen cup-marked grave-slabs in the churchyard.
W D Simpson 1937; W J Watson 1926; W Jolly 1882; OS reviser D Wainwright 15 September 1955.

St Barevan's Church, measuring 21.6m E to W by 6.2m transversely internally, with walls 0.8m thick, the graveyard and its contents, are as described above, except that no trace remains of the cup-marked grave-slabs, nor could their present whereabouts be ascertained. The annexe on the SW corner of the church is a fairly modern burial place. Visited by OS (N K B) 22 November 1965.

Of special interest as the architectural detail associates it with the hall-house at Rait (NH85SE 10).
J G Dunbar 1966.

The old church and burial ground were listed at Category B in 1971

The old church and burial ground were scheduled in 1971

Awaiting DES entry 98/036.

A survey of the gravestones was carried out by S Farrell in 2003. <1>

It was proposed that the old church and burial ground be removed from the statutory list in September 2016 as part of a Historic Environment Scotland project looking at dual designations of sites in the Highlands, though they would remain a scheduled monument. <2>

The old church and burial ground were removed from the statutory list by Historic Environment Scotland on 22/09/2016. <3>

See also:
NH84NW0006 Church & Cup marks


Highland Council Archaeology Unit, HCAU Slide Collection Sheet 11, 213 (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG24360.


Jolly, W, 1882, On cup-marked stones in the neighbourhood of Inverness; with an appendix on cup-marked stones in the Western Islands, 361-9 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1317.


Watson, W J, 1926, The history of the Celtic place-names of Scotland: being the Rhind lectures on archaeology (expanded) delivered in 1916, 271 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2918.


Simpson, W D, 1937, 'Rait Castle and Barevan Church, Nairnshire', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 71 1936-7, p.98-115, 111-15; plan fig. 9 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1385.


Dunbar, J G, 1966, The historic architecture of Scotland, 156 (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2147.


RCAHMS, 1978, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of Nairn District, Highland Region, 17, No. 127 (Text/Report). SHG2672.


Bourke, C, 1984, 'The hand-bells of the early Scottish church', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 113 1983, p.464-8, 466, 467 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG1677.


Leonella Longmore, 2000, Land of Churches (Text/Publication/Volume). SHG2414.


Farrell S, 2003, Barevan Churchyard, A Survey of its Memorials (Text/Report). SHG2182.


<1> Farrell S, Barevan Church, A survey of its Memorials (Text/Report). SHG21986.


<2> Historic Environment Scotland, 2016, Assessment for Dual designations Project: Bareven Church Kirkton of Bareven (Text/Designation Notification/List of Buildings). SHG27476.


<3> Jackson, L., 2016, Notification of de-listing of ecclesiastical sites: Dual Designations Project (Text/Designation Notification/List of Buildings). SHG27480.

Sources/Archives (12)

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred NH 8368 4725 (52m by 60m) (Buffered by site type)
Map sheet NH84NW
Civil Parish CAWDOR
Geographical Area NAIRN

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (0)

Related Investigations/Events (1)

External Links (3)

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