MHG45435 - Kinrive

Summary

No summary available.

Type and Period (1)

  • LYNCHET (Undated)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

NH77NW 3 Centred on NH 705 759.
(A: NH 7020 7567; B: NH 7026 7567; C: NH 7043 7588;
D: NH 7043 7591; E: NH 7052 7595; K: NH 7081 7597)
Hut Circle(s) (NR)
OS 25" map, (1969)

Centred at NH 705 759 o SE-facing slope is a settlement of 14 circular stone-walled huts (A - O) (12 noted in 1899 (ISSFC 1902)), and contemporary field system.
Where visible, entrance to each hut is simple and in E to SE arc. All hut diameters are given between the wall centres.
Hut 'A' is c.9.5m diameter with the wall spread to c.2m all round. Outer facing stones on edge are visible in N and SW arcs. E arc is denuded and entrance is not evident. A field wall skirts NE arc.
'B' measures c.8.5m in diameter with a wall spread to c.2m all round. 'C', the best preserved, is c.15m in diameter, with the wall spread to c.2.5m at the rear, increasing gradually to c.4m at the entrance. The inner wall face is visible intermittently around the N arc, and the rubble of the wall core is exposed in several places.
'D' is c.9.5m in diameter with the wall spread to c.2m all round. Three outer facing stones are visible in the SE arc.
'E' is denuded and measures c.7.5m in diameter with the wall spread to c.2m all round.
'F', on a knoll, is c.12m in diameter with the wall spread to c.2.5m all round. A boulder to N of entrance is in an outer facing stone.
'G' is c.10m in diameter with the wall spread to c.2.5m all round.
A track skirts the SW arc.
'H', on NE side of recent hill dyke, c9m diameter with wall spread to c2m. NW arc is scarcely discernible. The entrance is ill defined.
'J' is c10m diameter with the wall spread to c.2.5m widening to
c.3.5m at S side of entrance. NW arc has been destroyed. Three outer facing stones on edge are visible in the N arc.
'K', set into the slope, is c.13m in diameter, with wall spread to c.3m except at both sides of entrance where it appears to increase to c.5.5m. This seems to be due to clearance piled against hut, rather than to a clubbed entrance. N arc is mutilated.
'L', set into the slope, is c.15m in diameter with wall spread to c.2.5m all round. Lying against the inside of the wall some 4m W of the entrance is a pile of stones c.2m in diameter, possibly a clearance heap. A field wall terminates on a clearance heap which lies against the outside of wall in W.
'M', set into the slope, is c.14.5m in diameter with the wall spread to c.2.5m all round. The E arc and the entrance are mutilated.
'N', c.11.0m in diameter, is ill-defined by a wall spread to c.3.0m in the E where it is best preserved, and decreasing towards the NW where it is destroyed. A lynchet extends N from the N arc. The entrance is ill-defined.
'O' is c.12.5m in diameter with the mutilated wall destroyed in the E and spread to c.2m elsewhere. The entrance is not evident. A recent gap is in the S arc.
The field system is defined by stone clearance heaps (previously defined as tumuli (ISSFC 1902)), lynchets and field walls. Where best preserved on slopes between huts, whins mask details of cultivation plots, and elsewhere they are too indistinct to measure. Huts A and B and huts C and D occur within roughly sub-rectangular enclosures measuring respectively c.230.0m by c.70m and c.150m by c.90m, and there are traces of similar boundaries towards the E of the settlement, as if this is an area of adjacent homesteads rather than a settlement with communal cultivation, although there are clearance heaps outside these enclosures. The area to the E of hut 'O' is overlaid by a depopulated farmstead with contemporary cultivation.
ISSFC 1902; Visited by OS (N K B) 26 October 1970

Huts A-E, K-O surveyed at 1:2500. Visited by OS (AA) 24 7 1973

Huts L - N surveyed at 1:10,000. Visited by OS (J B) 17 July 1975

Some of the area is overlain by a later depopulated farmstead with contemporary cultivation. This site is primarily extant immediately outwith SE boundary of Kinrive Wood, and thus is not included within SSSI. However there is no reason to suppose that it does not continue into the wood itself. Indeed the current series OS 1:10,000 map (1975) suggests this to be the case.
J Wordsworth, SSSIs, Scottish Natural Heritage, 1993


Settlement and field system, Kinrive Hill. (Image/Photograph(s)). SHG11723.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG4237.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG4241.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG4242.


Untitled Source (Image/Photograph(s)/Aerial Photograph). SHG4249.


ISSFC, 1902, 'Excursion to Balnagown and Strathrory', Trans Inverness Sci Soc Fld Club Vol. 5 1895-9, p.359-64, 362 (Text/Publication/Article). SHG755.


RCAHMS, 1979, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. The archaeological sites and monuments of Easter Ross, Ross and Cromarty District, Highland Region, 20, No. 158 (Text/Report). SHG2670.

Sources/Archives (7)

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred NH 7050 7589 (50m by 50m) (Buffered by site type)
Map sheet NH77NW
Geographical Area ROSS AND CROMARTY
Civil Parish KILMUIR EASTER

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Investigations/Events (0)

External Links (1)

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