MHG5725 - Churchton Bay, cross-incised stone
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- CROSS INCISED STONE (Early Medieval - 561 AD to 1057 AD)
NG53NW 2 5455 3631.
NG 5455 3631 Cross (NR)
OS 6"map, Inverness-shire, 2nd ed., (1904)
On a sloping rock facing SE, immediately to the W of a shed on the S side of the old pier at Raasay and about 9' above high-water mark, is an incised Chi-Rho cross 3'7" in length. The head of the cross is formed by four intersecting curves within a square, the sides of which are 20" in length, and the shaft, 23 " in length and 2 1/2" in breadth for the greater part of its length is composed of a medial line between two marginal lines. Nearby was found a Pictish symbol stone bearing a similarly incised cross (RCAHMS 1928; PSAS 1907) (NG53NW 3). Crosses of this type are dated by Curle (C L Curle 1940) to the second half of the 7th century, but see Radford (C R Radford 1942) and Stevenson (R B K Stevenson 1955) who criticise this paper, and Galbraith (1933) who gives a second half of the 6th century date on the suggestion that it is connected with St. Moluag's mission to Raasay. It is mentioned by Boswell (F A Pottle and C H Bennett 1963) as the place where the Macleods of Raasay practised their devotions and noted by him as one of the St. Maol-luags sanctuary markers (q.v. NG53NW 4).
Name Book; Proc Soc Antiq Scot 1907; C L Curle 1940; C R Radford 1942;
R B K Stevenson 97-128; F A Pottle and C H Bennett 1963; J J Galbraith 1933.
An incised cross as described above.
Surveyed at 1:2500
The carvings were recorded by ACFA in 2005 during their ongoing project to record the archaeological and historic monuments on Raasay. <1>
This cross-incised stone and the cross slab with Pictish symbols found nearby (MHG5726) exemplify the earliest phase of the interface between cross and symbol (Henderson & Henderson 2006, 174).
Add to bibliography:
Henderson, George and Isabel 2006. The Art of the Picts: Sculpture and Metalwork in Early Medieval Scotland, 174. <2>
The NMS lists a cast of a cross carved on a rock from near Raasay House. Acc. No. IN 224. <3>
Raasay 2, Skye & Lochalsh, cross-incised rock-face
Measurements: cross and shaft H 1.09m, W of cross-head 0.52m
Stone type: sandstone
Place of discovery: NG 5455 3631
Present location: on a south-east facing slope of the rock outcrop which divides Churchton Bay.
Evidence for discovery: this was probably the cross seen in 1773 by Boswell.
Present condition: weathered but the carving is clear.
Incised on a naturally smooth rock-face is a cross-of-arcs within a square frame, set on a cusped shaft with an inner vertical line. The cross-head has equal expanded arms, and there is a chi-rho scroll attached to the right-hand side of the upper arm.
Date range: seventh century.
Primary references: Richardson 1907, 435-6; Fisher 2001, 103.
Early Medieval Carved Stones Project, A Ritchie 2016
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Galbraith, J J. 1933. 'The Chi-Rho Crosses on Raasay: their importance and chronological relationships', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 67 1932-3, p.318-20. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 318-20. 318-20.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Curle, C L. 1940. 'The chronology of the early christian monuments of Scotland', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 74 1939-40, p.60-117. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 60-117. 68-74; illust, map.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Radford, C A R. 1942. 'The early christian monuments of Scotland', Antiquity Vol. 16 1942, p.1-18. Antiquity. 1-18. 1-18.
- --- Interactive Resource/Online Database: RCAHMS. Canmore, online database of the Royal Commission for the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS). 11474.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Pottle and Bennett, F A and C H. 1963. Boswell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides, 1773. 118.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1928. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Ninth report with inventory of monuments and constructions in the Outer Hebrides, Skye and the Small Isles. . 184-5, No. 581.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Stevenson, R B K. 1955. Pictish art. SHG2904. 97-128. 97-128.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Name Book (County). Object Name Books of the Ordnance Survey. (Inverness) Book No. 15, 15.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: PSAS. 1907. 'Donations to and purchases from the Museum and Library with exhibits', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 41 1906-7, p.9-10,65-7,108-15,183-5,301-2,415-20,. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 9-10,65-7,108-15,183-5,30. 435; illust..
- --- Image/Photograph(s): Inscribed cross on rock, Clachan, Raasay. Digital Image. .
- <1> Text/Publication/Monograph: Wood, J S and Macdonald, J (eds). 2005. An Archaeological Survey of St Moluag's Chapel and Pictish Stones and Monuments of The Isle of Raasay. ACFA Occasional Papers. 82. Paper (Original). p.30.
- <2> Collection/Project Archive: Archaeology for Communities in the Highlands (ARCH). 2012. Digital site gazetteer and archive for ARCH Community Timeline Project: Broadford. Yes. Digital. Site 45.
- <3> Dataset/Database File: National Museums of Scotland. 2019. Highland Finds from the NMS Catalogue. National Museums of Scotland. Digital. IB 224.
|Grid reference||Centred NG 5455 3631 (5m by 5m)|
|Geographical Area||SKYE AND LOCHALSH|
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (1)
External Links (2)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM2589 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/11474 (View RCAHMS Canmore entry for this site)
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