MHG932 - Chambered Cairn, Tulloch of Assery B
No summary available.
Type and Period (1)
- CHAMBERED CAIRN (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC) + Sci.Date
A well-preserved chambered round cairn (Cat 70), probably later one of two chambered cairns known as Tullochs of Assery. (See also ND06SE 9) Before excavation by Corcoran in 1961 in advance of raising of level of Loch Calder, it was a large circular, grass-covered mound, c110ft diameter and over 12ft high with no evidence of a chamber. The excavation revealed an eccentrically set chamber with an entrance passage in SE, a massive internal revetting wall and an outer wall-face of good quality masonry. Corcoran regarded cairn as being of one build but Miss Henshall suggests two phases. Finds from excavation in NMAS.
J X W P Corcoran 1967; A S Henshall 1972; NMAS 1977.
Cairn resurveyed at 1:25,000 Visited by OS 3 November 1964.
Corcoran's excavation remains open but otherwise cairn is well-preserved although water of loch lap its margins and have caused some damage.
Visited by OS 17 August 1981.
See link below for radiocarbon dates. They were first published (uncalibrated) by Sharples in 1986. The excavations where the samples were taken were undertaken in 1961, however, as radiocarbon dating was expensive and time consuming at this time, it was not until 1980 that radiocarbon dating samples from this site and the two others excavated was again considered. The close proximity of this site, Tulloch of Assery A and Tulach an t'Sionnaich and also the great difference in both architecture and burial deposits meant that some chronological guidelines for these three sites could result in a picture of the changing use of chambered tombs in the British Isles. <1>
A radiocarbon date from an adult female sample from this site was obtained and published in 2016 for the GENSCOT Ancient DNA project. This indicated a Neolithic date of 3703-3655 BC, calibrated to 1 sigma. <2> The radiocarbon date and DNA sample information were also included in the 'A summary round-up list of Scottish archaeological human remains that have been sampled/analysed for DNA as of January 2019', available online through DES. This also includes references to where the DNA results have been published. <3>
The NMS catalogue lists a leaf shaped flint arrowhead, flint scraper, 25 flakes, blades and broken pebbles of flint and a portion of bone. Under Acc. Nos. EO 1094, EO 1095, EO 1104, EO 1105 A-B. <4>
Human remains from the site are with NMS collections. <5>
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Corcoran, J X W P. 1967. 'The excavation of three chambered cairns at Loch Calder, Caithness', Proc Soc Antiq Scot Vol. 98 1964-6, p.1-75. Proc Soc Antiq Scot. 1-75. 1-75; plans.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Corcoran, J X W P. 1962. 'The excavations of three chambered tombs in Caithness in 1961', Archaeol News Letter Vol. 7 1962, p.155-9. Archaeol News Letter. 155-9. 156.
- --- Text/Publication/Article: Cruden, S. 1961. 'Tulloch of Assery B', Discovery and Excavation in Scotland 1961, p.53. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 53. 52.
- --- Text/Publication/Volume: Davidson, JL and Henshall, A S. 1991. The chambered cairns of Caithness: an inventory of the structures and their contents. 159-63, no. 70; plan.
- --- Text/Report: NMAS. 1977. NMAS 23rd Annual Report. . 11.
- --- Text/Report: RCAHMS. 1911. The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness. . 44, No. 161.
- --- Text/Publication/Monograph: Henshall, A S. 1972. The chambered tombs of Scotland, Volume 2. 2. Paper (Original). 203-81 (passim) 554-8, 621, CAT 70; plans.
- <1> Text/Publication/Article: Sharples, N M. 1986. 'Radiocarbon dates from three chambered tombs at Loch Calder, Caithness', Scot Archaeol Rev Vol. 4 1986, p.2-10. Scot Archaeol Rev. 2-10. 2-10.
- <2> Text/Publication/Article: Sheridan. A, et al. 2016. Radiocarbon Dates Obtained for the GENSCOT Ancient DNA Project, 2016. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 195-198. Paper (Copy). pg 196.
- <3> Text/Publication/Article: Sheridan. A, et al (25 others). 2018. A summary round-up list of Scottish archaeological human remains that have been sampled/analysed for DNA as of January 2019, Discovery Excav Scot, New Series, Volume 18. Discovery and Excavation in Scotland. 1-23. Online. pp. 6.
- <4> Dataset/Database File: National Museums of Scotland. 2019. Highland Finds from the NMS Catalogue. National Museums of Scotland. Digital. EO 1094, EO 1095, EO 1104, EO 1105 A-B.
- <5> Dataset/Database File: 2020. Database of Human Remains in Museum Collections from Highland Area. NMS, IMAG & Marishal College. Digital.
|Grid reference||Centred ND 0676 6186 (30m by 30m) (Buffered by site type)|
- SHERD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- SCRAPER (TOOL) (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- ANIMAL REMAINS (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- WORKED OBJECT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- HUMAN REMAINS (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- THUMB NAIL SCRAPER (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
- POINT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2401 BC)
Related Monuments/Buildings (0)
Related Investigations/Events (0)
External Links (4)
- http://portal.historicenvironment.scot/designation/SM500 (Online designation description (Historic Environment Scotland))
- https://canmore.org.uk/c14index/7907 (Link to online Scottish Radiocarbon Database)
- https://canmore.org.uk/site/7907 (View HES Canmore entry for this site)
- https://www.researchgate.net/publication/289238796_1986_Radiocarbon_dates_from_three_tombs_at_Loch_Calder_Caithness_Scot_Archaeol_Review_4_2-10 (Click to view online published article)
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