MHG35185 - Gun Emplacement - Coast Battery, Site No. 4, South Sutor

Summary

9.2 inch gun emplacement for the First World War battery (Site No. 4) at South Sutor.

Type and Period (3)

  • COASTAL BATTERY (First World War - 1914 AD to 1918 AD)
  • GUN EMPLACEMENT (First World War - 1914 AD to 1918 AD)
  • MAGAZINE (First World War - 1914 AD to 1918 AD)

Protected Status

  • None recorded

Full Description

NH86NW 11.03 8105 6694

This World War I gun battery is situated within the area covered by the later World War II installations. Most of the buildings which comprise this earlier battery are extant within private land behind a metal fence.
This is probably the most complete coast battery in Scotland. The World War I battery was armed with a single 9.2-inch gun which was manned by the Royal Navy. <1>

Coastal batteries on the headlands of North and South Sutor protected the port of Invergordon and the Cromarty Firth during the First and Second World Wars. Photographs show that construction of at least one gun emplacement, and associated buildings, began before the start of the First World War.
Information from RCAHMS (SC) 30 July 2007

An emplacement for a 9.2-inch gun built by the admiralty to a designed influenced by the mounting and operation of a heavy gun on a Royal Navy ship.
The gun was mounted on an egg-shape barbette sunk into the concrete. Around the gun towards the Moray Firth side was an apron of concrete and a guard rail to stop the gun traversing too far to the west. The shells and cordite were hoisted up from the magazine below, as it would be on a ship. There are no ready ammunition lockers around the emplacement, so when operational the shells and cordite were passed up directly into the gun as required
The magazine lay below the gun emplacement, comprising two rooms and passageways with access via stairs to the rear. Originally some light was provided by windows to the shell store but these were later blocked up. Two doors entered the magazine, one into the shell store and one, via a lobby, into the magazine (cordite). The magazine did not have natural light and only light was provided by a electric safety lighting, enclosed behind glass in a recess in the wall beside a second doorway to a passageway between the shell store and the magazine, from which a further short passageway extended to the shaft containing the hoist to the gun.
On the south side of the gun emplacement was a crew shelter, a single room which once held a stove. Evidence of possible First World War camouflage is visible on the north wall of the crew shelter. <2>

GIS spatial data copied from datasupplied by AKK from the RCAHMS World War One Survey Project. <3>

Sources/Archives (3)

Map

Location

Grid reference Centred NH 8105 6695 (24m by 27m) (Buffered by site type)
Map sheet NH86NW
Geographical Area ROSS AND CROMARTY
Civil Parish CROMARTY

Finds (0)

Related Monuments/Buildings (6)

Related Investigations/Events (0)

External Links (1)

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